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Romania - Regions Map - Transylvania
About the name Transylvania or Transilvania (from Latin – “the land beyond the forest”)
Location Central Romania - surrounded by the arc of the Carpathian mountain chain
Area 34.177 sq miles
Population Approximately 5 million
Main cities Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Medias, Miercurea Ciuc, Sebes, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures

Transylvania is home to some of Europe’s best-preserved medieval towns, most notably Brasov, featuring Old Saxon architecture and citadel ruins; Sibiu with its cobblestone streets and pastel-colored houses, and Sighisoara, adorned with a hilltop citadel, secret passageways and a 14th century clock tower. Tiny shops offer antiques and fine hand-made products by local artisans and artists.

Visitors will also encounter stunning castles such Bran, near Brasov, - a Gothic fairy-tale structure, often associated with 15th century Walachian Prince Vlad Tepes, the inspiration for Bram Stoker’s Dracula. While the connection with Vlad is tenuous the deep bond of local villagers with the legend is not.

In close proximity to Brasov and Bran are the fortified churches at Harman, with its massive 13th Saxon towers, and Prejmer, the largest fortified church in Southeastern Europe. The 15th-century Corvinesti Castle, located 15 miles away from Hunedoara, has a sumptuous Knights Hall – that can be used for functions or parties as well as towers and buttresses reminiscent of the medieval times.

Transylvania’s multi-ethnic heritage (including German and Hungarian ) is delightfully apparent in the folk costumes, architecture, cuisine, music and festivals.

Colorful centuries-old traditions are alive and well in the small villages of Transylvania. People here still make a living at such time-honored occupations as shepherds, weavers, blacksmiths and carpenters.

The Apuseni Mountain range, in the western Carpathians, is a landscape of exquisite beauty and mystery. Here, you’ll find ancient legends of mountain spirits and rare species of wildlife, along with 4,000 caves, many of which can be explored. Scarisoara Glacier, a national monument, shelters the second largest underground glacier on the continent.


» Places to explore

  • Some of Europe’s best-preserved medieval towns: Brasov, Sibiu, Sighisoara
  • Bran Castle (also known as Dracula’s Castle), built in 1377
  • Rasnov Fortress – built in the 1300s by the Teutonic Knights as protection against the Tartars and the Turks
  • The Saxon fortified churches at Biertan, Calnic, Harman, Prejmer Darjiu, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, and Viscri  - all designated by UNESCO as World Heritage sites
  • Transylvania’s finest art museum – the Bruckenthal Palace in Sibiu
  • Marginimea Sibiului, an area northwest of Sibiu home to more than 18 traditional villages
  • The Museum of Glass-Painted Icons in Sibiel, the largest of its kind in Europe
  • The city of Hunedoara with its 14th-century Gothic Corvinesti Castle
  • The Dacian Fortresses at Sarmisegetuza (UNESCO World Heritage List)
  • The Moti Land (Tara Motilor) on the Ariesi Valley - moţi is the name given to the inhabitants of this region. They live in scattered villages at altitudes up to about 4,265 feet and have preserved their century-old traditions and lifestyle.
  • The Apuseni Mountains with Scarisoara and Focul Viu glaciers, Chiscau Bear’s Cave and Vartop Cave as well as other 400 caves.


» Main Museums

  • Unification Museum in Alba Iulia
  • Ethnographic Museum in Brasov
  • Art Museum in Brasov
  • Brasov History Museum
  • Weavers’ Bastion Museum in Brasov
  • Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania in Cluj
  • National Art Museum in Cluj – collections of weaponry and Romanian paintings dating from the Middle Ages
  • National History Museum of Transylvania in Cluj
  • Skezely Museum in Miercurea Ciuc
  • ASTRA Museum of Traditions and Folk Art (ASTRA) in Sibiu – original dwellings, workshops, and churches from around the country
  • Bruckental Museum in Sibiu – Transylvania’s finest art museum
  • History Museum in Sighisoara, featuring the Torture Room

» Performing Arts


  • Gheorghe Dima State Philharmonic
  • National Opera
  • Puppet Theater
  • Sica Alexandrescu Drama Theater
  • National Theater
  • Hungarian State Theater & Opera
  • Radu Stanca National Theater
  • State Philharmonic
Targu Mures
  • Philharmonic Orchestra at the Hall of Mirrors

» Outdoor Adventures & Parks

  • Apuseni Nature Park – caver’s paradise
  • Gradistea Muncelului-Cioclovina Nature Park – site of the Sarmisegetuza archaeological ruins
  • Piatra Craiului National Park – spectacular rocky steep walls, virgin forests, and one of the world’s deepest underground abysses (Coltii Grindului shaft, - 1771 feet)

Activities: Biking, Camping, Caving, Climbing, Fishing, Hiking, Nature walks, Rafting, Skiing, Wildlife and Bird Watching


» Food & Wine

» Traditional food

Local cuisine displays a variety of flavors with dishes spiced with thyme, red pepper or tarragon.  Meats, such as pork, mutton, veal, are among the most popular ingredient in Transylvania’s cuisine. The soups, to which sour cream and egg yolk are ofted added, also include flour dumplings or homemade pasta.

Romania is one the world’s leading producers of cabbage (varza).  Make sure you don’t leave the region without trying the delicious “Varza a la Cluj” – the Romanian version of lasagna - prepared from several layers of finely shredded cabbage (fresh or sour) and minced pork or veal mixed with rice and bacon and baked in the oven.

» Vineyards

Transylvanians - among whom the Saxons make their particular contribution - are not only artisans in producing fragrant, pleasant and light wines, but also sophisticated double-distilled liquors: palinca, horinca and rachie (varieties of brandy). These are made of fruits, particularly plums, apples, and pears, aged in mulberry tree barrels, acquiring a golden color and a taste often rivaling whisky.

Tarnave Vineyards
The vineyards in Tarnave area: Blaj, Jidvei, Medias, Tarnaveni, Zagar and Valea Nirajului are known for their excellent white wine producers. With its cool climate and vineyards on slopes that stretch from the Tarnava Mare to the Tarnava Mica rivers, Tarnave is ideal for fruity white grapes with a very good acidity. The area has a long tradition of producing excellent dry, and medium-dry flavored wines such as Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Traminer.

Even if wooden tools have been replaced by modern winepresses and state of the art technology, grape picking, the control of fermentation, clarity, stability, the storage and maturation of wine are all carried out according to a special set of rules handed down from generation to generation. There are also traditions of wine making in some of the Saxon villages in this region, with small vineyards producing must for the larger wineries.

For more information please visit:

Other local vineyards: Aiud, Alba Iulia, Lechinta, Sebes-Apold

» Winetasting

Jidvei Winery
Wine tasting is offered at the 16th century Bethlen Castle in Cetatea de Balta, located between Tarnaveni and Blaj.

Contact information:
Address: Str. Unirii 9, Jidvei, Alba County
Telephone: (258) 881.881



» Transportation

» By air

Major airports located in:
Cluj (CLJ) -
Sibiu (SBZ) -
Targu Mures (TGM) -

Airlines with service to the region:
Austrian Airlines -
Carpatair -
Tarom -
WizAir -

» By train

Main train stations: Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Medias, Miercurea Ciuc, Sebes, Sfantu Gheorghe, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures

There are daily trains from/to Bucharest to the main cities in the region. 

To check the latest train schedules for domestic routes please visit the website of the Romanian Railways:
The site has complete information about domestic train schedules and fares.
Note: For departures from/to Bucharest please select Bucuresti Nord

For the list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit:


» Tourist Info

Alba Iulia Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Bd. Ferdinand I nr. 14
Telephone: (258) 813.736
Open: Mon. – Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.; Closed Sat. & Sun.

Brasov Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Piata Sfatului 30 (located inside the History Museum)
Telephone: (268) 419.078
Open: Mon. – Sun. 9:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m.

Sibiu Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Str. Samuel Brukental 2
Telephone: (269) 208.913
Open: Mon. – Fri. 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.; Sat. 10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.; Sun. Closed

Targu Mures Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Str. Enescu 2
Telephone: (365) 404.934
Open: Mon. – Sat. 8:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; Closed Sun/

Miercurea Ciuc Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Piata Cetatii 1
Telephone: (266) 317.007
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.; Closed Sat. & Sun.

» Maps

- Regions Map -
- Romania - Detail Map -