Location: Western Romania
Size: 15.5 sq. miles (39.8 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 352 ft. (110 meters)
First documented: 1459 AD
Straddling the Mures River and occupying parts of both Crisana province and Banat, Arad traces its history back to the 11th century. Arad developed as a major trading post during the Turkish occupation, between 1551 and 1699. After 1699, the city was ruled by the Habsburg Monarchy and in 1834 Arad was declared a 'free royal town' by Emperor Francis I of Austria.
Today, Arad is an important industrial center and transportation hub, as well as home to two universities, a Romanian Orthodox theological seminary, a training school for teachers, and a music conservatory. Churches and cathedrals in the city span four centuries, several denominations, and architectural styles ranging from baroque to neoclassic.
Arad County is also home to some important Orthodox monasteries, such as the ones from Hodos-Bodrog (dating from 1177), Bezdin (dating from 1334), Gai (built in 1760-1762), the Sf. Maria – Radna Franciscan Monastery (built in 1727 – 1826), the Princely Orthodox Church from Halmagiu (dating back to the 14th century), the Roman-Catholic Church from Sânpetru German (built in 1774).
Arad is a city of impressive buildings and architecture, with many of the main sights located along the principal thoroughfare, the broad, tree-lined, Bulevardul Revolutiei with trams running along it. These include the impressive white City Hall Palace (1875), the Palace of Culture (1911-1916), the neo-gothic and secessionist-style Red Church (1906), the large, domed Roman Catholic Church (1902-1904) and the neo-classical State Theatre (1874).
There are also some delightful examples of art nouveau, in particular along Strada Closca and around Piata Avram Iancu, such as Bohus Palace. There is also an extensive open air market in the older part of the town, west of Piata Avram Iancu, overshadowed by the tall towers of the baroque Orthodox Cathedral (1865) and nearby the old water tower (1896) being restored as a museum. At the corner with Strada Mihai Eminescu you will find the Secessionist Grozavescu Pharmacy (Farmacia Grozavescu) which has preserved its original interior.
East of Piata Avram Iancu stands the Old Theatre (1817) where national poet Mihai Eminescu once worked. It became the Urania Cinema in 1903 but is now being restored as a theatre. Further south near Piatra Veche, lies the old Jewish quarter and a couple of synagogues. Beyond spans the Serbian quarter and the attractive Serbian Orthodox Church St. Petru & Pavel (1692-1702) which was rebuilt in a baroque style in 1790.
The Arad Fortress (Cetatea Aradului), boasting a Vauban-style fortress with a six-pointed star shape, wasbuilt under the orders of Hapsburg empress Maria Theresa between 1763 and 1783.
Jews settled in Arad in the early 18th century and by the first half of the 19th century, the town became a leading center of Reform Judaism under the guidance of Rabbi Aaron Chroin who officiated from 1789 to 1844. It was he who advocated a gradual process of changes in the ritual, the use of the German language during services, and even the introduction of organ music in the synagogue.
Before World War II about 10,000 Jews lived here; the community survived the Holocaust and most of them moved to Israel. At the end of 1990s, the Jewish community in Arad was the second largest in the country (after the one on Bucharest).
The town has two synagogues, both located in the picturesque old Jewish quarter with its characteristic low houses jammed tightly together amid quiet streets and squares. The Neolog rite (Reform) synagogue is part of the Jewish Community Center
Jewish Community of Arad
Address: Str. Tribunul Dobra 10
Tel. 0257 281.310
Address: Str. Dobra 10 (enter via Str. Cozia)
Built between 1827 and 1834 in typical Moorish style, the large Jewish Orthodox synagogue has stained glass windows and beautiful bronze doors showing Jewish symbols, including the Menorahs. The door leads into the five-story synagogue, with a large cupola. The Torah ark resembles a neo-classical church altar, very typical of the period. An enormous organ, known to be one of the best in Europe, covers an entire wall.
Where: 15 miles east of Arad
The vineyards of Arad stretch on the hills bordering the western part of the Zarand Mountains, between Lipova and Pancota. Star of the region is the vineyard of Minis. In 1862, at a wine contest in London, Rosu de Minis was awarded the biggest prize. More than a century before, the wines of Minis were exported to England, Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and even America.
The red, native variety Cadarca, displaying a ruby-red color with a stinging taste of fresh clove, was the wine of the imperial court of Vienna during the reign of Emperor Franz Josef, in the 18th century. Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Cadarca are produced employing classical winemaking technologies, while the white wines like Italian Riesling, Traminer, Pinot Gris and Sauvignon Blanc, are obtained by using cooling zymurgy, resulting in fruity white wines of great finesse.
Where: 17 miles east of Arad
Access: car, train (Radna station)
The charming old town of Lipova served during the 17th century as a meeting point for merchants from Moldova, Muntenia, Transylvania and neighboring European countries, coming here to trade their goods at the local bazaar. The natural mineral waters are known since the 16th century and in 1892 a treatment resort (Lipova Bath) was established here. The springs with mineral water are located 1.6 miles away from the centre of the city. The mineral waters are ferruginous, rich in bicarbonate, calcium, sodium and magnesium (bottled at Lipova) and they are recommended in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, in the diseases of the digestive tract, or associated affections.
Where: 20 miles east of Arad
East of Lipova, you can visit the open stone ruins of Soimos Fortress, once guard keeper of the trading route between Transylvania and Crisana. Dating from the 13th century, the fortress was later abandoned around the year 1790. Vestiges of the Renaissance stonework can still be admired today.
Where: 40-60 miles east of Arad
An interesting ethnographic area, Zarand Land is home to the traditional villages of Barsa, Barzava, Birchis and Buteni. The embroideries in red and black, the sheepskin coats made by the furriers from Buteni, the sleeveless jackets made in Bata, the pottery from Birchis are all well know.
Traditional peasant's households have been remarkably preserved in the villages located in the mountainous zones.
Where: 76 miles north of Arad
Where: 33 miles south of Arad
Corvinilor Castle in Hunedoara
Where: 113 miles east of Arad
State Philharmonic Orchestra of Arad (Filarmonica de Stat Arad)
Address: Piata George Enescu 1
Tel. 0257 281.554
Address: Calea Aeroportului 4
Telephone: 0257 254.203
Arad International Airport is located 2.6 mi from downtown Arad.
Airlines with service to Arad:
BlueAir - www.Blueair-web.com
Nearby airports located in:
Oradea (OMR) - 76 miles away
Timisoara (TSR) - 33 miles away - http://aerotim.ro/index.php?lang=en
The fastest route from Bucharest to Arad is via
A1 / E81 / E68:
Bucuresti – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu – Alba Iulia – Deva - Arad
The fastest route from Budapest to Arad is on
E75 - E68:
Budapest - Szeged - Nadlac - Arad
|Distance from Arad to:|
Arad Train Station (Gara Arad)
Address: Piata Garii 8-9
Tel: 0257 231.777
The train station is located a few miles north of the centre. Tram # 1,2 or 3 will take you to the downtown area.
There are daily trains connecting Arad with: Budapest, Prague, Warsaw, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Venezia, Thesalonoky, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Sibiu, Bucharest, Oradea, Timisoara, Constanta, Galati, Iasi, Baia Mare, Suceava, Craiova and Ploiesti.
CFR's advance booking office (Agentia CFR Arad)
Address: Str. Metanu 16
Tel: 0257 280.977
Open: Mon. - Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; closed Sat. & Sun.
You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office.
Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.
Arad Bus Stations /Autogari Arad
Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Bacau, Baia Marem, Brasov, Bucuresti, Cluj Napoca,Sebes, Fagaras, Oradea, Targu Jiu, Timisoara
Several bus and trolleybus routes connect Arad's main areas and tourist attractions.
Favorit - 0257 280.000
Mirco Mili - 0257 230.530
Taxi Alfa - 0357 422.888
Taxi Arad - 0257 244.244
Taxi Europa - 0257 275.555
Taxi Star - 0257 212.222
Arad Tourist Information Center
(Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Blvd. Revolutiei 84-86
Tel / Fax: 0257 270.277
The Tourist Information Center provides maps, brochures and
information on accommodations, restaurants and transportation.
Arad County Archives (Directia Judetean Arad a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address: Str. Ceaikovski 2-6, Arad 310052
Telephone: 0257 233.818
Fax: 0257 233.818
Open: Mon., Wed. & Fri. 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.; Thu. 8:30 a.m. – 6:30 p.m.;
Closed Sat. & Sun.
Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.
Main Post Office
Address: Str. Caius Iacob 4
Tel: 0257 232.222
Telephoning Arad from Abroad
International Access Code (011 for US) + 40 (country code) + 257 or
357 (area code) + telephone number (six digit number)
Arad Weather Forecast