Straddling the Mures River and occupying parts of both Crisana province and Banat, Arad traces its history back to the 11th century. Arad developed as a major trading post during the Turkish occupation, between 1551 and 1699. After 1699, the city was ruled by the Habsburg Monarchy and in 1834 Arad was declared a ‘free royal town’ by Emperor Francis I of Austria.
Today, Arad is an important industrial center and transportation hub, as well as home to two universities, a Romanian Orthodox theological seminary, a training school for teachers, and a music conservatory. Churches and cathedrals in the city span four centuries, several denominations, and architectural styles ranging from baroque to neoclassic.
Arad County is also home to some important Orthodox monasteries, such as the ones from Hodos-Bodrog (dating from 1177), Bezdin (dating from 1334), Gai (built in 1760-1762), the Sf. Maria – Radna Franciscan Monastery (built in 1727 – 1826), the Princely Orthodox Church from Halmagiu (dating back to the 14th century), the Roman-Catholic Church from Sânpetru German (built in 1774).
Arad is a city of impressive buildings and architecture, with many of the main sights located along the principal thoroughfare, the broad, tree-lined, Bulevardul Revolutiei with trams running along it. These include the impressive white City Hall Palace (1875), the Palace of Culture (1911-1916), the neo-gothic and secessionist-style Red Church (1906), the large, domed Roman Catholic Church (1902-1904) and the neo-classical State Theatre (1874).
There are also some delightful examples of art nouveau, in particular along Strada Closca and around Piata Avram Iancu, such as Bohus Palace. There is also an extensive open air market in the older part of the town, west of Piata Avram Iancu, overshadowed by the tall towers of the baroque Orthodox Cathedral (1865) and nearby the old water tower (1896) being restored as a museum. At the corner with Strada Mihai Eminescu you will find the Secessionist Grozavescu Pharmacy (Farmacia Grozavescu) which has preserved its original interior.
East of Piata Avram Iancu stands the Old Theatre (1817) where national poet Mihai Eminescu once worked. It became the Urania Cinema in 1903 but is now being restored as a theatre. Further south near Piatra Veche, lies the old Jewish quarter and a couple of synagogues. Beyond spans the Serbian quarter and the attractive Serbian Orthodox Church St. Petru & Pavel (1692-1702) which was rebuilt in a baroque style in 1790.
The Arad Fortress (Cetatea Aradului), boasting a Vauban-style fortress with a six-pointed star shape, wasbuilt under the orders of Hapsburg empress Maria Theresa between 1763 and 1783.
Before World War II about 10,000 Jews lived here; the community survived the Holocaust and most of them moved to Israel. At the end of 1990s, the Jewish community in Arad was the second largest in the country (after the one on Bucharest).
The town has two synagogues, both located in the picturesque old Jewish quarter with its characteristic low houses jammed tightly together amid quiet streets and squares. The Neolog rite (Reform) synagogue is part of the Jewish Community Center
Jewish Community of Arad
Address: Str. Tribunul Dobra 10
Tel. (257) 281.310
Address: Str. Dobra 10 (enter via Str. Cozia)
Built between 1827 and 1834 in typical Moorish style, the large Jewish Orthodox synagogue has stained glass windows and beautiful bronze doors showing Jewish symbols, including the Menorahs. The door leads into the five-story synagogue, with a large cupola. The Torah ark resembles a neo-classical church altar, very typical of the period. An enormous organ, known to be one of the best in Europe, covers an entire wall.
The red, native variety Cadarca, displaying a ruby-red color with a stinging taste of fresh clove, was the wine of the imperial court of Vienna during the reign of Emperor Franz Josef, in the 18th century. Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Cadarca are produced employing classical winemaking technologies, while the white wines like Italian Riesling, Traminer, Pinot Gris and Sauvignon Blanc, are obtained by using cooling zymurgy, resulting in fruity white wines of great finesse.
Where: 20 miles east of Arad
East of Lipova, you can visit the open stone ruins of Soimos Fortress, once guard keeper of the trading route between Transylvania and Crisana. Dating from the 13th century, the fortress was later abandoned around the year 1790. Vestiges of the Renaissance stonework can still be admired today.
Where: 40-60 miles east of Arad
An interesting ethnographic area, Zarand Land is home to the traditional villages of Barsa, Barzava, Birchis and Buteni. The embroideries in red and black, the sheepskin coats made by the furriers from Buteni, the sleeveless jackets made in Bata, the pottery from Birchis are all well know.
Traditional peasant’s households have been remarkably preserved in the villages located in the mountainous zones.
Where: 76 miles north of Arad
Where: 33 miles south of Arad
Corvinilor Castle in Hunedoara
Where: 113 miles east of Arad
State Philharmonic Orchestra of Arad (Filarmonica de Stat Arad)
Address: Piata George Enescu 1
Tel. (257) 281.554
Address: Calea Aeroportului 4
Telephone: (257) 254.203
Arad International Airport is located 2.6 mi from downtown Arad.
Airlines with service to Arad:
BlueAir - www.Blueair-web.com
Nearby airports located in:
Oradea (OMR) - 76 miles away
Timisoara (TSR) - 33 miles away - http://aerotim.ro/index.php?lang=en
Arad Train Station (Gara Arad)
Address: Piata Garii 8-9
Tel: (257) 231.777
The train station is located a few miles north of the centre. Tram # 1,2 or 3 will take you to the downtown area.
There are daily trains connecting Arad with: Budapest, Prague, Warsaw, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Venezia, Thesalonoky, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Sibiu, Bucharest, Oradea, Timisoara, Constanta, Galati, Iasi, Baia Mare, Suceava, Craiova and Ploiesti.
CFR's advance booking office (Agentia CFR Arad)
Address: Str. Metanu 16
Tel: (257) 280.977
Open: Mon. - Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; closed Sat. & Sun.
You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office. Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.
Arad Bus Stations /Autogari Arad
Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Bacau, Baia Marem, Brasov, Bucuresti, Cluj Napoca, Sebes, Fagaras, Oradea, Targu Jiu, Timisoara
The fastest route from Bucharest to Arad is via A1 / E81 / E68:
Bucuresti – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu – Alba Iulia – Deva - Arad
The fastest route from Budapest to Arad is on E75 - E68:
Budapest - Szeged - Nadlac - Arad
|Distance from Arad to:|
Several bus and trolleybus routes connect Arad’s main areas and tourist attractions.
Favorit - (257) 280.000
Mirco Mili - (257) 230.530
Taxi Alfa - (357) 422.888
Taxi Arad - (257) 244.244
Taxi Europa - (257) 275.555
Taxi Star - (257) 212.222
Arad Tourist Information Center
(Centrul de Informare Turistica)
Address: Blvd. Revolutiei 84-86
Tel / Fax: (257) 270.277
The Tourist Information Center provides maps, brochures and
information on accommodations, restaurants and transportation.
Arad County Archives (Directia Judetean Arad a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address: Str. Ceaikovski 2-6, Arad 310052
Telephone: (257) 233.818
Fax: (257) 233.818
Open: Mon., Wed. & Fri. 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.; Thu. 8:30 a.m. – 6:30 p.m.;
Closed Sat. & Sun.
Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.
Main Post Office
Address: Str. Caius Iacob 4
Tel: (257) 232.222
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; Closed Sat. 8:00 a.m. – 1:30 p.m.;
Telephoning Arad from Abroad
International Access Code (011 for US) + 40 (country code) + 257 or
357 (area code) + telephone number (six digit number)
Arad Weather Forecast