ARAD

Arad - General Information
Location: Western Romania
County: Arad
Size: 15.5 sq. miles (39.8 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 352 ft. (110 meters)
Population: 198,000
First documented: 1028 AD

City Highlights 

Straddling the Mures River and occupying parts of both Crisana province and Banat, Arad traces its history back to the 11th century. Arad developed as a major trading post during the Turkish occupation, between 1551 and 1699. After 1699, the city was ruled by the Habsburg Monarchy and in 1834 Arad was declared a ‘free royal town’ by Emperor Francis I of Austria.

On April 10, 1913 the first electrical railway in Eastern Europe was lunched on the Arad – Podgoria route.

Today, Arad is an important industrial center and transportation hub, as well as home to two universities, a Romanian Orthodox theological seminary, a training school for teachers, and a music conservatory. Churches and cathedrals in the city span four centuries, several denominations, and architectural styles ranging from baroque to neoclassic.

Arad County is also home to some important Orthodox monasteries, such as the ones from Hodos-Bodrog (dating from 1177), Bezdin (dating from 1334), Gai (built in 1760-1762), the Sf. Maria – Radna Franciscan Monastery (built in 1727 – 1826), the Princely Orthodox Church from Halmagiu (dating back to the 14th century), the Roman-Catholic Church from Sânpetru German (built in 1774).

City Landmarks

Arad - City Hall (Primaria)Arad is a city of impressive buildings and architecture, with many of the main sights located along the principal thoroughfare, the broad, tree-lined, Bulevardul Revolutiei with trams running along it. These include the impressive white City Hall Palace (1875), the Palace of Culture (1911-1916), the neo-gothic and secessionist-style Red Church (1906), the large, domed Roman Catholic Church (1902-1904) and the neo-classical State Theatre (1874).

There are also some delightful examples of art nouveau, in particular along Strada Closca and around Piata Avram Iancu, such as Bohus Palace. There is also an extensive open air market in the older part of the town, west of Piata Avram Iancu, overshadowed by the tall towers of the baroque Orthodox Cathedral (1865) and nearby the old water tower (1896) being restored as a museum. At the corner with Strada Mihai Eminescu you will find the Secessionist Grozavescu Pharmacy (Farmacia Grozavescu) which has preserved its original interior.

East of Piata Avram Iancu stands the Old Theatre (1817) where national poet Mihai Eminescu once worked. It became the Urania Cinema in 1903 but is now being restored as a theatre. Further south near Piatra Veche, lies the old Jewish quarter and a couple of synagogues. Beyond spans the Serbian quarter and the attractive Serbian Orthodox Church St. Petru & Pavel (1692-1702) which was rebuilt in a baroque style in 1790.

The Arad Fortress (Cetatea Aradului), boasting a Vauban-style fortress with a six-pointed star shape, wasbuilt under the orders of Hapsburg empress Maria Theresa between 1763 and 1783.

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Jewish Heritage in Arad

Arad - SynagogueJews settled in Arad in the early 18th century and by the first half of the 19th century, the town became a leading center of Reform Judaism under the guidance of Rabbi Aaron Chroin who officiated from 1789 to 1844.  It was he who advocated a gradual process of changes in the ritual, the use of the German language during services, and even the introduction of organ music in the synagogue.

Before World War II about 10,000 Jews lived here; the community survived the Holocaust and most of them moved to Israel. At the end of 1990s, the Jewish community in Arad was the second largest in the country (after the one on Bucharest).

The town has two synagogues, both located in the picturesque old Jewish quarter with its characteristic low houses jammed tightly together amid quiet streets and squares. The Neolog rite (Reform) synagogue is part of the Jewish Community Center

Jewish Community of Arad
Address: Str. Tribunul Dobra 10
Tel. (257) 281.310

The Synagogue
Address: Str. Dobra 10 (enter via Str. Cozia)
Built between 1827 and 1834 in typical Moorish style, the large Jewish Orthodox synagogue has stained glass windows and beautiful bronze doors showing Jewish symbols, including the Menorahs. The door leads into the five-story synagogue, with a large cupola. The Torah ark resembles a neo-classical church altar, very typical of the period. An enormous organ, known to be one of the best in Europe, covers an entire wall.

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Museums

Art Museum (Muzeul de Arta)
Address: Str. Gheorghe Popa 2-4
Tel: (257) 256.503
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.; closed on Mon.
Email: office@museumarad.ro
Web: www.museumarad.ro

County History Museum (Muzeul de Arheologie si Istorie)
Address: Piata George Enescu 1
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9 a.m. – 6 p.m.; closed on Mon.
Email: office@museumarad.ro
Web: www.museumarad.ro

Natural Sciences Museum (Muzeul Stiintelor Naturii)
Address: Piata George Enescu 1
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9 a.m. – 6 p.m.; closed on Mon.
Email: office@museumarad.ro
Web: www.museumarad.ro

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Nearby Attractions

Minis Maderat Vineyard
Where: 15 miles east of Arad
www.wineprincess.ro/?lng=en
The vineyards of Arad stretch on the hills bordering the western part of the Zarand Mountains, between Lipova and Pancota. Star of the region is the vineyard of Minis. In 1862, at a wine contest in London, Rosu de Minis was awarded the biggest prize. More than a century before, the wines of Minis were exported to England, Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and even America.

 

The red, native variety Cadarca, displaying a ruby-red color with a stinging taste of fresh clove, was the wine of the imperial court of Vienna during the reign of Emperor Franz Josef, in the 18th century. Pinot Noir, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Cadarca are produced employing classical winemaking technologies, while the white wines like Italian Riesling, Traminer, Pinot Gris and Sauvignon Blanc, are obtained by using cooling zymurgy, resulting in fruity white wines of great finesse.

Lipova Town & Spa
Where: 17 miles east of Arad
Access: car, train (Radna station)
The charming old town of Lipova served during the 17th century as a meeting point for merchants from Moldova, Muntenia, Transylvania and neighboring European countries, coming here to trade their goods at the local bazaar. The natural mineral waters are known since the 16th century and in 1892 a treatment resort (Lipova Bath) was established here. The springs with mineral water are located 1.6 miles away from the centre of the city. The mineral waters are ferruginous, rich in bicarbonate, calcium, sodium and magnesium (bottled at Lipova) and they are recommended in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, in the diseases of the digestive tract, or associated affections.

 

Soimos Fortress

Soimos Citadel (Cetatea Soimos)(Cetatea Soimos)
Where: 20 miles east of Arad
www.cetatesoimos.ro
East of Lipova, you can visit the open stone ruins of Soimos Fortress, once guard keeper of the trading route between Transylvania and Crisana. Dating from the 13th century, the fortress was later abandoned around the year 1790. Vestiges of the Renaissance stonework can still be admired today.  

Zarand Land

(Tara Zarandului)
Where: 40-60 miles east of Arad
An interesting ethnographic area, Zarand Land is home to the traditional villages of Barsa, Barzava, Birchis and Buteni. The embroideries in red and black, the sheepskin coats made by the furriers from Buteni, the sleeveless jackets made in Bata, the pottery from Birchis are all well know.
Traditional peasant’s households have been remarkably preserved in the villages located in the mountainous zones.

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Day Trips

Oradea  
Where: 76 miles north of Arad
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Oradea.html

Timisoara  
Where: 33 miles south of Arad
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Timisoara.html

Corvinilor Castle in Hunedoara
Where: 113 miles east of Arad
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Corvinesti

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Performing Arts

Symphonic Music
State Philharmonic Orchestra of Arad
(Filarmonica de Stat Arad)
Address: Piata George Enescu 1
Tel. (257) 281.554
Web: www.filarmonicaarad.ro

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CITY ESSENTIALS

  • Accommodations
  • Transportation
  • Tourist Info
  • Maps

Accommodations

For a list of available accommodations in Arad please click here or check our Accommodations Guide.

Transportation

By Plane

Arad Airport
Address: Calea Aeroportului 4
Telephone: (257) 254.203
Web: www.aeroportularad.ro
Arad International Airport is located 2.6 mi from downtown Arad.

Airlines with service to Arad:
BlueAir - www.Blueair-web.com

Nearby airports located in:
Oradea (OMR) - 76 miles away
Timisoara (TSR) - 33 miles away - http://aerotim.ro/index.php?lang=en

By Train

Arad Train Station (Gara Arad)
Address: Piata Garii 8-9
Tel:  (257) 231.777

The train station is located a few miles north of the centre. Tram # 1,2 or 3 will take you to the downtown area.

There are daily trains connecting Arad with: Budapest, Prague, Warsaw, Berlin, Munich, Vienna, Venezia, Thesalonoky, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Sibiu, Bucharest, Oradea, Timisoara, Constanta, Galati, Iasi, Baia Mare, Suceava, Craiova and Ploiesti.

CFR's advance booking office (Agentia CFR Arad)
Address: Str. Metanu 16
Tel: (257) 280.977
Open:  Mon. - Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; closed Sat. & Sun.

You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office. Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.

By bus

Arad Bus Stations /Autogari Arad
http://www.autogari.ro/localitate.php?loc=Arad

Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Bacau, Baia Marem, Brasov, Bucuresti, Cluj Napoca, Sebes, Fagaras, Oradea, Targu Jiu, Timisoara

By car

The fastest route from Bucharest to Arad is via A1 / E81 / E68:
Bucuresti – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu – Alba Iulia – Deva - Arad

The fastest route from Budapest to Arad is on E75 - E68:
Budapest - Szeged - Nadlac - Arad

Distance from Arad to:
City Distance (Miles)
Bucharest 343
Baia Mare 197
Brasov 263
Cluj Napoca 171
Constanta 478
Iasi 402
Oradea 76
Satu Mare 156
Sibiu 173
Sighetu Marmatiei 214
Suceava 353
Timisoara 33

Public Transportation

Several bus and trolleybus routes connect Arad’s main areas and tourist attractions.

Taxi Companies

Favorit - (257) 280.000
Mirco Mili - (257) 230.530
Taxi Alfa - (357) 422.888
Taxi Arad - (257) 244.244
Taxi Europa - (257) 275.555
Taxi Star - (257) 212.222

Car Rental

EuroCars Romania
Address: Calea Bodrogului km 4 (Arad Airport)
Tel: 0727 373.799
Email: office@eurocars.ro
Web: www.eurocars.ro

Sixt
Address: Calea Aeroportului 4 (Arad International Airport)
Tel: 021 94.00 (this is valid short phone #)
Email: reservation@sixt.ro
Web: www.Sixt.ro

Tourist Info

Arad Tourist Information Center

(Centrul de Informare Turistica) 
Address: Blvd. Revolutiei 84-86
Tel / Fax: (257) 270.277
E-mail: turism@primariaarad.ro
Web: www.primariaarad.ro
The Tourist Information Center provides maps, brochures and
information on accommodations, restaurants and transportation.

Genealogy searches

Arad County Archives (Directia Judetean Arad a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address:  Str. Ceaikovski 2-6, Arad 310052 
Telephone: (257) 233.818
Fax: (257) 233.818
Email: arad.an@mai.gov.ro
Open:  Mon., Wed. & Fri. 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.; Thu. 8:30 a.m. – 6:30 p.m.;
Closed Sat. & Sun.

Postal services & Telephone

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Str. Caius Iacob 4
Tel: (257) 232.222
Web: www.posta-romana.ro
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; Closed Sat. 8:00 a.m. – 1:30 p.m.;
Closed Sun.

Telephoning Arad from Abroad
International Access Code (011 for US) + 40 (country code) + 257 or
357 (area code) + telephone number (six digit number)

Weather

Arad Weather Forecast
www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/tenday/ROXX0024

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