SIBIU - (Si'biw)

Sibiu - General Information Location: Central Romania (County: Sibiu)
Size: 46.7 sq. miles (121 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 1,410 ft. (430 meters)
Population: 170,000
Inhabited since: 300 BC
First documented: 1191 AD

City Highlights

Downtown SibiuSibiu (Hermannstadt in German) was the largest and wealthiest of the seven walled citadels* built in the 12th century by German settlers known as Transylvanian Saxons. The riches amassed by its guilds paid for the construction of both impressive buildings and the fortifications required to protect them.

Sibiu’s Old Town retains the grandeur of its earlier days when rich and powerful guilds dominated regional trade. Like Sighisoara and Brasov, it has a distinctly Germanic feeling. Sections of the medieval wall still guard the historic area, where narrow streets pass steep-roofed 17th century buildings with gable overhangs before opening into vast, church-dominated squares such as Great Square and Little Square.

Sibiu is a pedestrian-friendly city with two easily accessible levels: the Upper town, home to most of Sibiu's historic sights, and the Lower town, lined with colorful houses on cobblestone streets and bounded by imposing city walls and defense towers overlooking the river Cibin.

In 1797, Samuel von Hahnemann opened in Sibiu the world's first homeopathic laboratory

Sibiu is home to the first hospital in Romania (1292), the first pharmacy (1494) and the oldest museum in Romania, the Brukenthal Museum, opened in 1817

The first book in the Romanian language was printed in Sibiu in 1544

Traditionally, the Upper town was the wealthier part and commercial outlet, while the Lower town served as the manufacturing area. The historical centre includes the Great Square, Huet Square, the beautiful Passage of Steps connecting the upper town to the lower town, the well-known Bridge of Lies, Goldsmiths’ Square and the Small Square.

* The seven walled citadels populated by the Saxons of Transylvania were known in German as the Siebenburgen.

The other Siebenburgen citadels are located in the towns of:
Bistrita (Bistritz), Brasov (Kronstadt), Cluj (Klausenburg), Medias (Mediasch), Sebes(Mühlbach) , Sighisoara (Schässburg)

Romanian

City Landmarks

Sibiu’s Towers

(Turnurile Sibiului)

Sibiu - Towers - Carpenters’ Tower - Turnul Dulgherilor For hundreds of years, this walled town in the heart of Transylvania was one of the most powerful and prosperous strongholds in Europe. Surrounded by imposing walls, Sibiu’s original fortifications included 39 defensive towers, five bulwarks, four gates and five artillery batteries.

Although the entire network is remarkably well-preserved, the best-maintained section is the southeastern side which has been reinforced several times throughout the centuries since attacks most often came from that direction.

Three 15th century towers have withstood the test of time: Harquebusiers’ Tower (Turnul Archebuzierilor), Carpenters’ Tower (Turnul Dulgherilor) and Potters’ Tower (Turnul Olarilor). The 16-th century Great Tower (Turnul Gros) was the site of Sibiu’s first theatrical performance, staged in 1778.

The Upper Town

(Orasul de Sus)

At the centre of the upper town are three beautiful squares. The Great Square is the site of the Roman-Catholic church and the Brukenthal Palace, where you will find one of Romania's most important art collections. The square is linked to the Little Square by a passage beneath the Council Tower, which is worth visiting for the excellent views over the town. The third square, Huet Square, is dominated by the Evangelical Cathedral.

The Great Square

(Piata Mare)

First mentioned in 1411 as a grain market, the Great Square – the largest square in the city, has been throughout the centuries a quiet witness to the town’s lively merchant activity, assemblies and even public executions. Located in the heart of the old walled city, the square was designated an architectural monument by UNESCO and features some of the most impressive buildings in Sibiu.

Roman-Catholic Church

(Biserica Romano-Catolica)
Address: Piata Mare

The north side of the Great Square is dominated by the Roman-Catholic Church (Biserica Romano-Catolica). This beautiful baroque structure with classical decorations was built between 1726 and 1738. The tower was attached to the nave in 1738 and one year later, a cross was seated on the top. The completely renovated interior is magnificent with gold-laced walls and colorful ceiling frescoes.

Intricate stone carvings cover much of the nave while the side altars and colonnades glisten with pink marble. The fresco behind the altar was painted in 1777 by Anton Steinwald. Inside the church is the stone grave of Otto Ferdinand de Abensberg, commander of Transylvania between 1744-1747. Organ recitals are usually held once a week.

Romanian

Council Tower

Sibiu - Coucil Tower - (Turnul Sfatului) (Turnul Sfatului)
Address: Piata Mare

At the corner with Avram Iancu Street stand the old mayor’s residence and the imposing Council Tower (Turnul Sfatului). Built in the 13-th century, this tower was used as entrance gate to the second row of fortified walls built around Sibiu. Throughout the centuries, the Council Tower served as a grain storehouse, a fire watchtower, a temporary prison and even as a museum of botany. The roof, originally built in pyramid form, has undergone various changes, culminating in the addition of four corner turrets in 1826. On the top floor, an observation deck allows a bird’s-eye view of the historic town and the Fagaras Mountains beyond.

Brukenthal Palace

(Palatul Brukental)
Address: Piata Mare

Even though the museum officially opened in 1817, its art galleries welcomed visitors 27 years earlier (1790), three years prior to the opening of the Louvre

Facing west of the square is the stunning Brukenthal Palace (Palatul Brukental), built between 1778-1785 by a Viennese architect in a refined late-baroque style. It is now the home of the Brukenthal Museum (Muzeul Brukenthal), the oldest and one of the finest art museums in the country. The palace was built by Baron Samuel von Brukenthal to serve as his official residence and house his collections of Romanian and Western art, 16th – 18th century religious sculptures and icons, stamps and coins, as well as an impressive library. Over the years, the collections have been enriched through acquisitions and donations. (See museum details)

Completing the picture is the fairy-tale Blue House, an 18-th century baroque house bearing the old coat of arms of Sibiu on its facade.

The Little Square

(Piata Mica)

From the Great Square, walk through one of two tunnels under the arches of the Council Tower to arrive at the Little Square. This second fortified square was home to the town’s most prestigious master craftsmen, who lived in rows of arcaded houses along the north and east sides. Today, small shops, cafes and businesses line the square.

Huet Square

(Piata Huet)

Sibiu - Evangelical Cathedral - Biserica Evanghelica Huet Square is home to a mix of gothic buildings dominated by the Evangelical Cathedral (Biserica Evangelica). This impressive structure, featuring five pointed towers, was built in 1520 on the site of an old Roman basilica. The simple, stark interior is in total contrast to that of the Catholic Church. A gigantic fresco, painted by Johannes of Rosenau in 1445, covers much of the chancel's north wall. The mural shows the Crucifixion and marks a transition in painting from late-gothic style to renaissance style. On the south side, the choir loft boasts a beautiful fan-vaulted ceiling, home to a baroque organ designed by a German master in 1671. Six thousand pipes were installed in 1914, making it the largest organ in Romania.

Here, you can also find the city's only fully German school, the Samuel von Brukenthal Gymnasium, which exemplifies the city's proud German heritage.

Romanian

The Lower Town

(Orasul de Jos)

The Lower Town comprises the area between the river and the hill, and it developed around the earliest fortifications. The streets are long and quite wide for medieval city standards, with small city squares at places. The architecture is rather rustic: typically two-storey houses with tall roofs and gates opening passages to inner courts.

The Bridge of Lies

(Podul Minciunilor)

Legend has it that the name derived from the merchants' fiery disputes which flared up around it and the passionate but transitory vows of young lovers who often met here.

Several steep streets and stairways lead from the upper
to the lower town. One of them passes beneath the iron Bridge of Lies. Built in 1859 by Fredericus Hutte, this was the first wrought iron bridge in Romania.

The Stairs Passage

Sibiu - The Stairs Passage (Pasajul Scarilor)(Pasajul Scarilor)

The 13th century Passage of Steps, an architectural masterpiece with twin
staircases and archways, connects the
Upper Town to the Lower Town.
Built in the 13th century, it is one of the
most picturesque places in Sibiu.
At one end of the passage stands the
city’s oldest building which now hosts
the oldest restaurant in Romania,
The Golden Barrel (Butoiul de Aur).

Goldsmiths’ Square

(Piata Aurarilor)

The Goldsmiths’ Square, a peaceful and intimate square, is surrounded by charming old houses with medieval windows, doorways and turrets. For many years, it was the main point of passage between the Little Square and the Lower Town, the two connected by a 15th century stairway.

Haller Bastion

Address: Str. Spitalelor

Located at the north end of Onofreiu Square (Piata Onofreiu), the bastion is named after Sibiu’s 16-th century mayor, Petrus Haller, who had the red-brick tower built in 1551.

Romanian

Historic Churches

Orthodox Metropolitan Cathedral

(Catedrala Ortodoxa Mitropolitana Sf. Treime)
Address: Str. Mitropoliei 35

Constructed between 1902–1906 on the site of a former Greek church, it shares a similar style with Saint Sofia Cathedral in Istanbul, Turkey. The interior is dominated by a massive gold chandelier and features neo-Byzantine decorations. This is the second largest Orthodox cathedral in Romania (the biggest one is located in Iasi).

Ursuline Monastery

(Manastirea Ursulinelor)
Address: Str. General Gh. Magheru 38

Built in 1474, the site was home to a Dominican Monastery until 1543 when the Lutherans took over. Known under the German name of Klosterkirche, it became a Ursuline Monastery in 1755. The Ursulines changed the gothic interior to baroque style. Outside, the building still features many of its former gothic details, including the portal and the piles. Inside, the church has three altars and beautiful paintings representing various saints and protectors of the church.

Biserica din Groapa

Address: Str. Justitiei 5

This Orthodox Church, whose name translates Church on the Gorge,
was built between 1788 - 1789 and renovated between 1802-1803.
The interior of this small church with a tower in three levels was
beautifully painted by Nicolae Brana in 1960.

Jewish Sibiu

Although documents attest the existence of Jews in Sibiu since the 12th century, the Jewish community of Sibiu was never among the biggest in Romania. In 1940 the town had some 1,300 Jews, three synagogues, three rabbis, two cemeteries and two ritual baths managed by the Sephardic and Orthodox communities. Today, the handful of Jews who remain in Sibiu hold weekly and holiday services at the Great Synagogue.

The Great Synagogue

Address: Str. Constitutiei 19

Built by architect Szalay Ferenc in 1899, with funds collected by Sibiu’s small Jewish community, this synagogue boasts a neo-gothic façade. Inside, it has a basilica aspect with three naves mounted by lofts.

Romanian

Museums

Brukenthal Museum

Sibiu - Bruckenthal Museum (Muzeul Brukenthal)
Address: Piata Mare 4-5
Tel: (269) 217.691
Email: info@brukenthalmuseum.ro
http://www.brukenthalmuseum.ro/
Summer Schedule: Tue. – Sun. 10:00am – 6:00pm; Closed Mon. Closed first Tuesday
of every month.
Winter Schedule: Wed. - Sun, 10:00am - 06.00pm; Closed every Monday and Tuesday.
A
dmission charge

Sibiu is home to Transylvania’s finest art museum, the Bruckenthal Museum. Founded in 1790 by Samuel Brukenthal, the governor of the province, the museum opened to the public in 1817. It is the oldest museum in Romania and one of the first museums in Europe. The art collection includes paintings by Rubens, Van Dyck and Teniers, as well as works of German, Austrian and Romanian masters. Additionally, it features a 16th century silverware collection, painted glass icons and 350 rare books, many dating to the days of the first printing press.

ASTRA Open Air Museum

(Muzeul in aer liber ASTRA -Dumbrava Sibiului)
Address: Calea Rasinarilor 14 (2miles south of Sibiu)
Tel: (269) 242.419
Astra Museum Sibiu www.MuzeulAstra.ro
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00am - 6:00pm
(wintertime 10am – 5pm);
Closed Mon.
Admission charge

How to get here:
From Piata Unirii take bus #1 or the tram
(which goes all the way to Rasinari).
At peak times (7am – 9am and 1pm – 3pm),
the tram runs every 30 mins and every hour the rest of the day.

ASTRA is the second largest open-air museum in the world (250 acres)

Located in the middle of a dense forest and surrounded by a beautiful lake, ASTRA features more than 300 buildings as well as
watermills and windmills, gigantic presses
Astra Museum Sibiu for wine, fruit and oil, hydraulic forges and structures representing village architectural styles from many parts
of Romania.

The museum illustrates the technological legacy of the Romanian people.

There is a wonderful collection of
wooden farmhouses, a cherhana
(a traditional collecting and storage point for fish) and sheepfolds,
as well as a wooden church and two traditional inns.
Guided tours are available.
Another option is a visit by horse-drawn carriages
(ladies, the driver will kiss your hand in greeting, an old Romanian custom).

The History Museum

(Muzeul de Istorie)
Address: Str. Mitropoliei 2
Tel: (269) 218.143
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00am – 5:00pm (wintertime 10am – 6pm);
Closed Mon.
Admission charge

This museum is housed in the Old City Hall (Primaria Veche), which dates to 1470 and boasts typical Transylvanian gothic civil architecture. Here, you can learn the history of the city and the region from Neolithic and Roman times to the present. In addition to rich collections from the Middle Ages and the baroque era, there is a fine silverware exhibit.

Natural History Museum

(Muzeul de Istorie Naturala)
Address: Str. Cetatii 1
Tel: (269) 213.156
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00am – 6:00pm;
Closed Mon.
Admission charge

One of the oldest and richest of its kind in Romania, this museum was founded by the Transylvanian Association of Natural Science (Siebenburgischer Verein für Naturwiessenschaften in German) in 1849. An astronomic observation centre also is located here.

Emil Sigerus Saxon Ethnographic Museum

Sibiu - Emil Sigerus

(Muzeul de Etnographie si Arta Populara Saseasca Emil Sigerus)
Address: Piata Mica 12
Tel: (269) 218.195
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00am - 6:00pm
(wintertime 10:00am – 5:00pm);
Closed Mon.
Admission Charge

Collections of painted furniture, costumes-textiles-embroideries and pottery, initiated by Emil Sigerus, the most important collector of Transylvanian Saxon Folk Art at the end of the 19th century.

The museum also includes the original collections of the Carpathians Transylvanian Museum or MSVK opened in 1895 by the Siebenbugishen Karpathenverein Association.

Museum of Hunting Weapons and Trophies

(Muzeul de Arme si Trofee de Vanatoare)
Address: Str. Scoala de Inot 4
Tel: (269) 217.873
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00am – 5:00pm (wintertime 9am – 4pm);
Closed Mon.
Admission charge

Founded in 1966, the museum features a collection of weapons, medals and stuffed animals. Some of the exhibits are over 100 years old, such as the hunting trophies brought after a long safari in Africa by Colonel Spiess, who was a Master of Hunting of the Royal House of Romania.

Franz Binder World Ethnographic Museum

(Muzeul de Etnografie Universala Franz Binder)
Address: Piata Mica 11
Tel: (269) 218.195
Email: binder@muzeulastra.ro
www.franzbinder.sibiu.ro
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00am – 6:00pm;
Closed Mon.

The Franz Binder collections, housed in the “Hermes House” (initially called “The House of the Small Handicraftsmen's Association”) built between 1865 and 1867, were established in the 19th century through donations and acquisitions from travelers and collectors. The permanent exhibition, “From the art and culture of the world – the people of the world,” displays objects from various parts of the world, including northern Africa and the springs of the Nile, China, Japan, Oceania, Asia Minor, Brazil, Lapland and Australia.

Pharmacy Museum

(Muzeul de Istorie a Farmaciei)
Address: Piata Mica 26
Tel: (269) 218.191
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00am – 6:00pm;
closed Mon.
Admission charge

Housed in a 16-th century building where the oldest pharmacy in Romania, La Ursul Negru (The Black Bear), operated for over 150 years, this museum showcases some 6,000 pieces of medical equipment from the 16th to the 19th centuries, coming from chemist’s shops, medical institutions and individuals. It should be noted that Sibiu had more chemists than any other town in Transylvania. The collections of the museum cover the whole range of medical instruments, from surgical pouches, microscopes, different bowls made of wood, china, glass, bronze mortars, stands with balances and weights in the Viennese style to the oldest piece of the collection, a 1597 bronze mortar used for preparing medicines.

At the front, a reconstructed shop is decked out with wooden Viennese counters and stacks of glass jars creating the atmosphere of an 18-th century “apoteka” (German for “pharmacy”).

The Steam Engine Museum

(Muzeul de Locomotive cu Aburi)
Address: Str. Dorobantilor 22
Tel: (269) 431.685
Admission charge

Opened in 1994, this museum displays 23 standard gauge steam engines, 10 narrow gauge steam engines, three snowplows and two steam cranes. The steam engines were built between 1885 and 1959 in Romania (the Resita Factory and the Malaxa Factory in Bucharest), Germany (Henschel, Borsig, Schwartzkopff) and USA (Baldwin). The museum is located opposite the main railway station.

Romanian

Nearby Attractions

Sibiu makes an ideal base for the exploration of the nearby countryside and villages which display an interesting mixture of Saxon and Romanian traditions.

Marginimea Sibiului

Marginimea Sibiului - Talmaciu
How to get here: Local trains from Sibiu to Sebes stop at Sibiel (25 minutes), Saliste (35 minutes) and Miercurea Sibiului (1 1/4 hours).

Located at the foothills of the Cindrel Mountains, a half-hour drive from Sibiu, this region is considered one of Transylvania’s best-preserved ethnographic areas. Marginimea Sibiului, meaning Borders of Sibiu, encompasses a string of 18 villages*, rich in architecture, history and heritage. Age-old traditions, customs and celebrations, as well as the traditional occupation of sheepherding, have been carefully passed down from generation to generation in the villages of this area.

One scene among the Saliste church’s frescoes remains covered at all times. It depicts the devil surrounded by naked human bodies, a subject the villagers consider too obscene to be displayed. Tourists, however, can take a look upon request.

* The 18 villages are: Boita, Sadu, Raul Sadului, Talmaciu, Talmacel. Rasinari, Poplaca, Gura Raului, Orlat, Fantanele, Sibiel, Vale, Saliste, Gales, Tilisca, Rod, Poiana Sibiului and Jina.

Rasinari, dating to 1204, is the oldest, followed by Talmaciu (1318), Orlat (1322) and Saliste (1354). Saliste claims the oldest church, housing beautiful interior frescoes (1674), while Poiana Sibiului’s wooden church was built in 1771.

Rasinari

How to get here: Rasinari is connected to Sibiu by a roughly 4-mile tramline through the Dumbrava Forest. The tram runs every 30 mins. at peak times (7:00am – 9:00am and 1:00pm – 3:00pm) and every hour for the rest of the day.

One of the wealthiest villages in the region, Rasinari is famed for its local carpentry and sheep farming. The village has an Ethnographic Museum (open Tue. – Sun. 10:00am – 5:00pm) and a painted Orthodox church built in 1752. The annual Pastoral Album Folklore Festival takes place on the third Sunday of April.

Sibiel - The Museum of Painted Glass Icons

(Muzeul de Icoane pe Sticla)
How to get here: Local trains from Sibiu to Sebes stop at Sibiel (25-minute ride)

Painting on glass has been a tradition for 200 years in these villages. In 1968, the founder of the museum, priest Zosim Oancea, started to collect 18-th and 19-th century icons richly painted on glass. Today, the museum exhibits the largest collection of painted glass icons in Europe - more than 700, as well as furniture and ceramics.

The Fortified Church in Cristian

Cisnadie

(German: Heltau)
Where: 6 miles south of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily bus service from Sibiu

CisnadieCisnadie was mentioned for the first time in a document from the year 1204 under the name "Rivetel." In the 12th century Saxon colonists settled here and in 1323, the German name Heltau is mentioned. During the centuries, the town flourished, particularly the guilds of sicklesmiths and wool weavers. Weaving remained the traditional occupation of the townspeople until the 20th century, when large textile factories were built. The Textile Museum (Expozitia Muzeala "Istoricul Industriei Textile") has a comprehensive coverage of this local industry. The museum, located at Str. Apararii 2 is open Mon. – Sat. 8:00am to 4:00pm.

The most important architectural site is the Cisnadie Fortified Church located in the town centre. A climb to the belfry offers a super view of Cisnadie’s red rooftops and courtyards, while in the distance, nestled at the foot of the Cindrel Mountains, you can catch a glimpse of Cisnadiaora.

Cisnadioara

(German: Michelsberg)
Where: 2 miles from Cisnadie and 8 miles from Sibiu

Cisnadioara has a Romanesque church dating from 1223 and a citadel on top of a high hill above the village which frequently withstood Tatar attacks. The villagers often took cover in the citadel, which they defended by hurtling down rocks which had been carried into the citadel by aspiring husbands. It was believed that no young man was marriage-worthy until he had carried a heavy rock from the riverbed up the steep track. In the centre of Cisnadioara stands an old baroque church. The local village museum contains an attractive collection of artifacts and tools from Saxon households.

Paltinis Resort

Where: 12 miles south west of Sibiu
How to get here:
Bus line #22 from Sibiu Gara (the railway station) with a stop at Rasinari
Departure times from Sibiu: 7am, 11am, 3:30pm, 7:30pm
Departure times from Paltinis: 9am, 1:30pm, 5:30pm

Built by the Transylvanian Carpathian Society (S.K.V.) in 1894, Paltinis (German: Hohe Rinne) is the highest (4,724 ft.; 1,440 m altitude) and oldest tourist resort in Romania. A favorite for ski enthusiasts, Paltinis, with its beautiful location, fresh air, and numerous hiking opportunities, is also an attraction for summer hikers. Marked trails make it easy to reach the main points on the surrounding mountains. Most of the trails are suitable for mountain biking, as well.

Some other attractions in this area:

  • The Energy Museum “Sigmund Dachler” in Sadu where in 1896, the first hydropower plant in Romania and the third in Europe was opened
  • The Short Fortress in Orlat (1317)
  • The Saliste Culture Museum in Saliste
  • The Dacian Fortress near Tilisca
  • The Fortified Church in Cristian (1495)
  • The Fortified Church Dobarca (13th century)

Romanian

Day Trips

Taking the Transfagarasan Highway (DN7C)

Where: 25 miles southeast of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
Travel advisory: The road is open only a few months a year (mainly late June to late October) due to snowfall. The winding road with long S-curves, steep ramps and descents is a challenge; the average cruise speed is around 25 mph.
Make sure your car is fit for the trip and bring warm clothes.

The Transfagaran Highway will be closed November 1st to July 1st.

TransfagarasanSome 25 miles east of Sibiu, DN7C (national road 7C), also known as the Transfagarasan Highway, branches off the road to Brasov, heading straight for the towering Fagaras Mountain range. This two-lane road, the highest paved road in the country (6,673 ft; 2,034 m), connects the two historic regions of Transylvania and Walachia, namely the cities of Sibiu and Pitesti. The road, built across the Fagaras Mountains (part of the southern Carpathians, the highest mountains in Romania), makes for a perfect weekend trip from Sibiu (or even a very long day trip) if you have your own transportation, offering breath-taking views around every one of its many twists and turns.

The Transfagarasan Highway was built in the 1970s so that Romanian troops and tanks could cross over the Carpathian Mountains quickly in case of a Soviet-led invasion. The efforts made in its construction were enormous. Built by soldiers in only four and a half years, it required more than 13 million pounds (6 million kilos) of dynamite to blast through the rocks on the north side - that’s 625 train wagons.

It has more tunnels and viaducts than any other road in Romania. In the vicinity of the highest point, at Lake Balea (Balea Lac), the road passes through Romania’s longest road tunnel (about 2880 ft; 900 m), connecting the north and south valleys. The difference between the two sides is stunning. While on the northern side the landscape is barren and alpine as the road makes its way up an amazing glacial valley, on the southern side the road drops gradually through pleasant green scenery. If you will continue your journey on the south side towards Pitesti, you can make a stop at the beautiful Vidraru Lake & Dam, the (real) Dracula Castle ruins at Poienari and Curtea de Arges Monastery.

Curtea de Arges – Horezu Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site) &
Horezu Pottery centre (via Ramnicu Valcea)

Where: 70 miles southeast of Sibiu
How to get here: By car

Curtea de Arges Monastery

Traveling through the twisting and turning gorges of the Olt River to Curtea de Arges, you can make a stop at the beautiful Cozia Monastery. Once you get to Curtea de Arges, visit the 14-th century Princely Court and the Princely Church with its lovely interior frescoes. According to tradition, Curtea de Arges was founded in early 14th century by Prince Radu Negru, succeeding Campulung as capital of Walachia, hence its name Curtea (The Court).

Another stunning architectural gem in town is the 16-th century Curtea de Arges Monastery (Manastirea Curtea de Arges), topped with two towers spiraling in opposite directions. Behold the sad legend of Manole* as you take in its beauty. Romania’s first two kings and queens are buried here.

* The legend says that Manole, the master builder, had to sacrifice his wife by locking her into the wall to stop the monastery from falling apart.

Fifty miles west of Curtea de Arges, you can visit Horezu Monastery, the largest monastic settlement in Walachia, founded in 1690 by Prince Constantine Brancoveanu. A masterpiece of the “Brancovenesti” style and a UNESCO World Heritage site, Horezu is renowned for the richness of its sculptural detail, the treatment of its religious compositions and its painted decorative works. The monastery houses precious collections of frescoes and icons dating from the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century.

The nearby village of Horezu is home to one of the largest pottery centres in Romania. Nearly a century ago, local nuns taught the villagers how to make and paint pottery and ever since, people have come from far and wide to get their hands on Horezu’s ceramics.

Romanian

Day Trips

The Fortified Church at Valea Viilor (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Where: 32 miles north of Sibiu
How to get here: By car

The Fortified Church at Biertan (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Where: 45 miles northeast of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Biertan

Medieval town of Sighisoara (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Where: 54 miles northeast of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily bus or train service from Sibiu
(change trains in Copsa Mica or Medias)

www.RomaniaTourism.com/Sighisoara.html

The Fortified Church at Saschiz (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Where: 65 miles northeast of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Saschiz

Fagaras Fortress

Where: 45 miles east of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily bus or train service from Sibiu
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Fagaras

Medieval town of Brasov & Poiana Brasov Resort

Where: 85 miles east of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily bus or train service from Sibiu
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Brasov.html

The Fortified Church at Harman

Where: 95 miles east of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Harman

The Fortified Church at Prejmer

Where: 100 miles east of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Prejmer

Bran (Dracula’s) Castle Bran

Where: 105 miles northeast of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Bran

Peles Castle in Sinaia

Where: 110 miles southeast of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily train service from Sibiu
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Peles

The Fortified Church at Calnic (UNESCO World Heritage Site)

Where: 30 miles northwest of Sibiu
How to get here: By car
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Castles-Fortresses.html#Calnic

Medieval town of Sebes

Where: 35 miles northwest of Sibiu
How to get here: Daily bus or train service from Sibiu
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Sebes.html

Romanian

Performing Arts

Symphonic Music

The State Philharmonic of Sibiu
Address: Str. Cetatii 3-5
Tel. (269) 210.264
filarmo@filarmonicasibiu.ro
www.filarmonicasibiu.ro
www.filarmonicasibiu.ro/index2.php
Weekly classical music concerts take place in the newly renovated Thalia Hall, a concert hall and theatre dating from 1787.

Theatre

Radu Stanca National Theatre
Address: Bd. C. Coposu 2
Tel: (269) 210.092
info@sibfest.ro
www.sibfest.ro/TNRS-National-Theatre-Radu-Stanca-Sibiu.aspx
One of the leading Romanian theatres, with origins dating back to 1787, it attracts some of the best-known Romanian directors. This theatre has both Romanian-language and German-language sections and presents an average of five shows a week.

Gong Theatre
Address: Str. Alexandru Odobescu 4
Tel: (269) 211.349
Specializing in puppetry, mime and non-conventional shows for children and teenagers, this theatre presents shows in both Romanian and German.

Romanian

Festivals & Events

  • Sibiu Easter Fair (April 26 - May 7, 2013)
  • Sibiu Jazz Festival (May)
  • Sibiu International Theatre Festival (June)
  • Carl Filtsch International Piano Competition and Festival (July)
  • National Festival of Folk Traditions (August)
  • Craftsmen’s Fair (August)
  • Annual Pottery Fair (September)
  • Sibiu Christmas Market (November 22- December 26, 2013)

Romanian

City Essentials

Transportation

Sibiu is easily accessible from Bucharest (Bucuresti):
By plane (45 minutes),
By train (approximately 5 1/2 hours) and
Car - via scenic routes over the Carpathians (approximately 4 1/2 hours).

  • By
    air
  • By
    train
  • By
    bus
  • By
    car
  • Local
    Transportation
  • Rent a
    Bicycle in Sibiu
  • Taxi
    companies
  • Car
    rental

By air

Sibiu International Airport (SBZ)
Address: Sos. Alba Iulia 73
Tel: (269) 228.347
Web: www.sibiuairport.ro
The airport is located 3.5 miles from the city centre.

Number 11 bus (to downtown) stops 300 yards away from airport.
Romanian currency is necessary to board the bus.
For complete bus route and stops please see map at www.tursib.ro/trasee/harta
(bus line 11 is shown in purple).

Taxi service to downtown also available.
Aproximate trip cost 15 RON - about 5 USD (as of December 1, 2011).

Airlines with service to Sibiu:

Austrian Airlines - www.aua.com
Direct flights from/to: Vienna

Blue Air - www.blueair-web.com
Direct flights from/to: Bucharest/Baneasa; Germany (Köln, Stuttgart);
Italy (Milan/Bergamo, Roma/Fiumicino); Spain (Madrid)

Lufthansawww.lufthansa.com
Direct flights from/to: Munich

Tarom - www.tarom.ro
Direct flights from/to: Bucharest/Otopeni; Germany (Munich);
Switzerland
(Zurich)

By train

Sibiu Train Station (Gara Sibiu)
Address: Str. Piata 1 Decembrie 1918 nr.6
Tel: (269) 211.139

For the list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit:
www.RomaniaTourism.com/Transportation.html#ByTrain

There are four daily trains from Bucharest to Sibiu (two in the morning, two in the evening) and several daily trains between Sibiu and Brasov. Trains to other major cities in Romania connect in Brasov.

For Sighisoara, change trains in Copsa Mica or Medias.

Travel time by train:
Brasov (2 1/2 - 3 hours)
Bucharest (5 1/2 hours)
Cluj (3 1/2 hours)
Oradea
Sighisoara (with connecting service 2 – 2 ½ hours)

For train schedules please visit: www.cfrcalatori.ro

SNCFR's advance booking office (Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR Sibiu)
Address: Str. Nicolae Balcescu 6
Tel: (269) 212.085
Open:  Mon. - Fri. 7:00am - 7:30pm; Sat. & Sun closed
You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office. Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.

By bus

Sibiu Bus Stations (Autogari Sibiu) - International & Domestic Bus Service

International Bus Companies serving Sibiu:

Atlasib
Address: Autogara Turnisor
Tel: (269) 218.125
Daily bus service to Germany, Austria, Sweden, Italy, Spain, France

Double T
Address: Str. Nicolae Balcescu 1-3
Tel: (269) 217.497
Daily bus service to Germany, Austria, Italy, Switzerland

Eurolines
Address: Blvd. Vasile Milea 13A
Tel: (269) 212.248
Daily bus service to main cities around Europe

Pletl Agenture
Address: Calea Dumbravii 10
Tel: (269) 216.143
Daily bus service to Germany

Trans Europa
Address: Str. N. Balcescu 41
Tel: 269 211 296
Daily bus service to Germany and Spain
Note: All buses leave Turnisor Bus Terminal A

Amad Touristik
Address: Calea Poplacii 58
Tel: (269) 212.227
Daily bus service to Italy, France, Spain and Portugal
Note: All buses leave from Calea Poplacii nr. 56-58

Trolleybus # 1: Train station to Piata Unirii
Bus # A5: Train station to Piata Unirii

By car

The fastest route from Bucharest to Sibiu is via A1/E81:
Bucuresti – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu

The fastest route from Budapest to Sibiu is on E75 - E68:
Budapest- Szeged - Nadlac - Arad – Deva – Alba Iulia - Sibiu

Distances
Distance from Sibiu to:
City Distance
(Miles)
Bucharest 170
Arad 165
Belgrade 275
Brasov 85
Budapest 358
Cluj-Napoca 98
Constanta 290
Iasi 264
Oradea 165
Prague 712
Satu Mare 185
Sighetu Marmatiei 210
Sighisoara 54
Suceava 214
Timisoara 165
Vienna 532

Local Transportation

Several bus and trolleybus routes connect Sibiu’s main areas and tourist attractions. The bus and trolley system is operated by Tursib.

Bus and trolleybus tickets can be purchased at ticket booths.

Information about schedule and routes available at Tourist Information Centre,
Sibiu Airport (Arrivals Hall) and several other locations (for a complete list please visit our Tourist Info section).

Rent a Bicycle in Sibiu

(available by advance reservation only).

Real Group
Address: Str. Ostirii 7, Sibiu
Telephone: (011 4) 0741 232.015 or 0743 676.404
E-mail: inchirieri_biciclete@yahoo.com
Open: daily from 8 am until 6 pm
Rates:
one Day - 7 Euros,
Weekend (Friday to Sunday) - 19 Euros,
Week - 40 Euros

* Notes
- VAT tax (24% will be additional).
- Rates include helmet and lock.
- Security Deposit: 30 Euros / bicycle
- Required documentation: valid ID
(passport or identity card or drivers license)

Sample Itineraries:

1. Sibiu Old Town ( 2 miles )
Continental Forum Hotel - Great Square (Piata Mare) - Old Townhall (Primaria Veche) - Bruckenthal Museum - Council Tower (Turnul Sfatului) - Little Square (Piata Mica) - Lies' Bridge (Podul Minciunilor) - Arts and Crafts Home (Casa Artelor) - Huet Square (Piata Huet) - Pasajul scarilor

2. Dumbrava Forest - ASTRA Museum ( 5 miles )
Sibiu Old Town - Dumbrava Forest (Padurea Dumbrava) - Sibiu Zoo (Gradina Zoologica)- ASTRA Museum (Muzeul Civilizatiei Transilvane ASTRA)

3. Cisnadie (15 miles)
Sibiu - Cisnadie - Cisnadioara - Sibiu

4. Curmatura Strezii ( 22 miles )
Sibiu - Curmatura Stezii - Sibiu

5. Marginimea Sibiului ( 21 miles )
Sibiu - Rasinari - Gura Raului - Poplaca - Sibiu.

Taxi companies

Taxis are still relatively inexpensive and widely available.

Prices per km are marked on the outside of the car.

Comis – (269) 242.424

Corso - 946

Euro - 946

Galaxy - 943

Inter – (269) 242.323

Negoiu – (269) 444.444

Pronto – (269) 222.222

Pro Taxi - 949

Royal – (269) 214.917

Star - 953

Car rental

payless.com

Autonom
Address: Str. Nicolae Balcescu 1 (Piata Mare), Sibiu
Telephone: (269) 235.538
Email: sibiu@autonom.ro
Web: www.autonom.com

Autorent (Thrifty) Sibiu
Address: Calea Dumbravii 2-4 (Continental Hotel), Sibiu
Tel: (740) 002.000
Email: office@autorent.ro
Web: www.autorent.ro

Avis Car Rental - Sibiu Airport
Address: Sos. Alba Iulia nr. 73
Tel: (0729) 800.393
Email: reservations@avis.ro
Web: http://avis.ro/avisonline/...

Budget
Address: Bon Voyage Agency
Str. Ioan Lupas, nr.30, Sibiu
Tel / Fax: (269) 239.095
Email: office@budgetro.ro, reservations@budgetro.ro

EuroCars Romania - Sibiu Airport
Address: Soseaua Alba Iulia 73
Tel: (0727) 373.799
Email: office@eurocars.ro
Web: www.eurocars.ro

Payless Car Rental
Bd. Vasile Milea 10 / Eurolines
Tel: 0722 375.392
E-mail: romania@paylesscar.net
Web: www.paylesscar.com

Promotor Car Rental
Piata 1 Decembrie 1918 Nr. 6
Tel: 0743 40.403
E-mail: office@auto-rent.ro
Web: www.auto-rent.ro/rent-a-car/sibiu.html

Rodna
Address: Str. Sibiului 2, et.4 - Selimbar
Telephone: (0748) 103.595
Email: office@rodna-trans.ro
Web: www.rodna-trans.ro/en/

Thrifty Car Rental - Sibiu Airport
Address: Sibiu International Airport, International Arrivals Hall
Soseaua Alba Iulia Nr. 73
Tel: (0740) 002.000
Fax: (0740) 002.000
Email: office@thrifty.ro
Web: www.thrifty.ro

Romanian

  • Accommodations
  • Shopping
  • Local Cuisine
  • Tourist Info
  • Maps

Accommodations

For a list of available accommodations in Sibiu please click here or check our
Accommodations Guide.

Shopping

Nicolae Balcescu Street  is the main commercial street where one can find various shops, as well as banks, coffee houses and restaurants

Antiques

Art-Antik
Address: Piata Huet 1
Open: Mon.- Fri. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Sat. 10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.; Closed Sun.

Antik Planet
Address: Str. N. Balcescu 34
Open: Mon.- Fri. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Sat. 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.; Closed Sun. 

Galeria Art-VO
Address: Str. Gen. Magheru 10
Open: Mon.- Fri. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Sat. 10:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.; Closed Sun. 

Galeriile Passe Partout
Address: Str. N. Balcescu 3
Open: Mon.- Fri. 10:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m.; Sat. 11:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m.; Sun. 12:00 p.m. – 71:00 p.m

Antic House (Casa Antica)
Address: Piata Mica 27
Open: Mon.- Fri. 10:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m.; Sat. 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.; Closed Sun. 

Handicrafts

Folk crafts, such as embroidered clothing and linen, painted or beaded eggs, carpets, pottery, woodcarvings and icons make interesting gifts and souvenirs. Romanian peasants do magnificent embroidery on cotton, wool and leather. Look for blouses, skirts, exotic coats, rugs, tablecloths and lacework. Icons, new and old, painted on glass or wood are outstanding.

Nora Souvenir
Address: Str. N. Balcescu 7
Telephone: 211.358

Galeriile de Arta Populara
Address: Str. Avram Iancu 4

Fresh Produce Markets (Piata)

For an authentic experience, visit one of the many piata around the city where farmers sell fruits and vegetables, as well as fresh cheese and milk.

Cibin Market
(Piata Cibin)
Open daily
The largest fruit and vegetable market in Sibiu located at the end of Turnului Street, near the Cibin Bridge

Rahova Market (Piata Rahova)
Open daily
Fruit and vegetable market located at the end Mihai Viteazu Boulevard .

Obor Flea Market (Piata Obor)
Every Sunday a great range of goods attracts numerous people to this flee and used cars market, located at the exit towards Medias.

Local Cuisine

  • Noodle Soup (Supa cu Taitei)
  • Meat Soup with Taragon (Ciorba de Porc cu Tarhon)
  • Pork sirloin — Sibiu Style (Muschi de porc Sibian)
  • Shepherd's Cheese Polenta (Bulz Ciobanesc)
  • Grilled Lamb Pastrami (Pastrama de Miel)

Local Beers: Balea, Trei Stejari, Hermannstadt

Tourist Info

Sibiu Tourist Information Centre (Centrul de Informare Turistica) - Downtown
Address: Str. Samuel von Brukental nr. 2, Sibiu
Tel: (269) 208.913
Fax: (269) 208.811
E-mail: turism@sibiu.ro
www.turism.sibiu.ro/index_en.php
The Tourist Information Centre provides maps, brochures and information on accommodations, restaurants and transportation.

Sibiu Tourist Information Centre (at the Airport)
Address: Str. Soseaua Alba Iulia, nr. 73, Sibiu
Tel / Fax: (269) 253.999
E-mail: turism@sibiu.ro
www.turism.sibiu.ro/index_en.php

Sibiu Tourist Information Center (at the ASTRA Museum)
Address: Str. Pădurea Dumbrava, nr. 16, Sibiu
Tel: (269) 202.451
E-mail: info_astra@sibiu-turism.ro, centruldeinformare@muzeulastra.ro
www.muzeulastra.ro
Open: Mon. - Fri. 09:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

More tourist information centres for Sibiu County (Summer 2012):

tourist information offices sibiu countyTourist Information Center in Avrig
Address:
Str. Avram Iancu, nr. 25, Avrig
Tel: (269) 523.163
E-mail: info_avrig@sibiu-turism.ro
Web: www.primaria-avrig.ro
Open: Mon. - Fri. 08:00 a.m. - 04:00 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Biertan
Address: Al. Ioan Cuza nr. 8
Tel : (269) 553.512
E-mail: info_biertan@sibiu-turism.ro
Web: www.primariabiertan.ro

Tourist Information Center in Cisnadie
Address: Str. Cetatii, nr. 1, Cisnadie
Tel / Fax: (269) 561.236
E-mail: info_cisnadie@sibiu-turism.ro
www.cisnadie.ro
Open: Mon. - Fri. 09:00 a.m. - 05:00 p.m., Sat: 09.00-13.00

Tourist Information Center in Medias
Address: Piata Corneliu Coposu, nr. 3, Medias
Tel / Fax: (269) 803.885
E-mail: info_medias@sibiu-turism.ro, mediasturism@yahoo.com
www.mediasturism.ro
Open: Mon. - Fri. 08:00 a.m. - 05:00 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Ocna Sibiului
Address: Str. Mihai Eminescu, nr 1
Tel / Fax: (269) 541.177
E-mail: info_ocnasibiului@sibiu-turism.ro
www.primariaocnasibiului.ro
Mon. - Fri. 08:00 a.m. - 03:00 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Rasinari
Address: Str. Sibiului
Tel / Fax: (269) 558.022
E-mail: info_rasinari@sibiu-turism.ro
www.primaria-rasinari.ro
Wed-Fri: 9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.; Sat: 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.;
Sun: 10:00 a.m. - 3:00 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Saliste
Address: Str. Piata Junilor, nr. 2, Saliste
Tel / Fax: (269) 553.512
E-mail: info_saliste@sibiu-turism.ro
www.saliste-sibiu.ro
Mon. - Fri. 08:00 a.m. - 04:30 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Valea Viilor
Address: Str. Principala, nr. 120, Valea Viilor
Tel / Fax: (269) 515.199
E-mail: info_valeaviilor@sibiu-turism.ro
www.valea-viilor.ro
Mon. - Fri. 07:30 a.m. - 01:00 p.m.
Sat. 08:00 a.m. - 02:30 p.m.

Tourist Information Center in Altana
Address: Str. Principală nr. 92, Casa Gerendi
Tel: (742) 236.557
E-mail: altana@mioritics.ro
www.primariaaltina.ro
May to Sept - 09:00 a.m. - 05:00 p.m.

Weather

Sibiu Weather Forecast

Postal services & Telephone

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Str. Mitropoliei 14
Tel: (269) 323.179
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:00am – 8:00pm; Sat. 8:00am – 1:00pm; Sun. closed

Telephoning Sibiu from Abroad
International Access Code +40 (country code) + 269 or 369 (area code) + telephone number (six digit number).

Pharmacies & Hospitals

There are several pharmacies (farmacie) open 24 hours a day in the city.

Emergency Clinic Hospital (Spitalul Clinic Judetean Sibiu)
Address: Bd.Corneliu Coposu 2-4, Sibiu
Tel: (269) 215.050

Local & County Archives (Arhivele locale) (269) 431.356
Address: Str. Arhivelor 3, 550164 Sibiu
Email: sibiu.an@mira.gov.ro

City Hall (Primaria) (269) 208.800
Address: Str. S. Brukenthal 2, Sibiu
Email: pms@sibiu.ro

Bureau of Consumer Protection  (Oficiul pentru Protectia Consumatorilor)
(269) 234.458
Email: sibiu@opc.ro

Romanian