BAIA MARE (By ah Mah reh)

Baia Mare - General Information
Location: Northwestern Romania
(County: Maramures)
Size: 20 sq. miles (52 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 729 ft. (228 m.)
Population: 149,735
First documented: 1329 AD

City Highlights

One of the most important mining centers of Romania, Baia Mare has a history of more than 2,000 years of gold, silver, and other nonferrous metals extraction. First mentioned in 1329, Baia Mare has preserved some its medieval past around the main town square, Piata Libertatii.

Baia Mare (Baia-Mare) Image

The oldest house here, dating from the 1440s, stands on the east side of the square, a lone remnant of a long-gone castle built by Transylvanian prince Iancu de Hunedoara for his wife Elisabeta. The house, appropriately named Casa Elisabeta, is used these days to house temporary art exhibits. Towering above the square is the Gothic-style 120-foot-tall watchtower, Stephen’s Tower (Turnul lui Stefan), spanning six centuries of history. (Baia Mare - City Map)

A sweet chestnut reserve spans the hills overlooking Baia Mare. Baia Mare is the northernmost location of the chestnut tree Castanea sativa in Europe.

Another square, Piata Izvoarelor, houses Baia Mare's main open-air food market.

Next to it stands the only remaining part of the town’s 15th century medieval fortifications, the Butchers' Tower (Turnul Macelarilor).

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Museums

Baia Mare Art Museum (Muzeul Judetean de Arta)
Address: Str. 1 Mai, nr. 8
Telephone: (262) 213.964
Open: Tue. – Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.;
Sat. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.
Closed Mon.
Admission charge
http://muzeuldeartabaiamare.wordpress.com/
Baia Mare Art Museum Facebook page
The Art Museum, located in a landmark building dating from 1784, holds a treasure trove of art depicting life in Maramures from the late 1800s to today. The permanent painting collection features works of artists from the Baia Mare School, as well as valuable Romanian and European contemporary art.

Baia Mare History & Archaeology Museum
(Muzeul Judetean de Arheologie si Istorie)

Address: Str. Monetarie 3
Telephone: (262) 211.924
Open: Tue. – Fri. 8:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.;
Sat. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 2:00 p.m.; Closed Mon.

Admission charge
www.maramuresmuzeu.ro/
Housed in the elegant 18th century Baroque Treasury building, the museum offers an introduction to the mining history of the region, especially to the most important one, gold mining.

Baia Mare Etnographic Museum (Muzeul de Etnografie si Arta Populara)
Address: Str. Dealul Florilor 1
Telephone: (262) 276.895
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m. (May - September);
Tue. – Sun. 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (October – April); Closed Mon.
Admission charge
Traditional Maramures wooden houses are on display.
www.etnografie-maramures.ro/eng/history.html

Baia Mare Mine Flowers Museum (Muzeul de Mineralogie)
Address: Blvd. Traian 8
Telephone: (262) 227.517
Open: Tue. – Sun. 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.; Closed Mon.
Admission charge
www.muzeuminbm.ro/wp/
Here you will find sample of local rocks and crystals, including some wonderful crystal flowers.

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Nearby Attractions

Baia Mare makes an excellent starting point for the numerous cultural and natural attractions in the Maramures region, dominated by a landscape of mountains and rolling hills.

Gutai-Ignis natural reserve, the wooden churches in Surdesti and Plopis, Dan Les' potery workshop in Baia Sprie are within a 20 miles radius from Baia Mare.

The Gutai, Lapus, Tibles Maramures and Rodnei Mountains are cut by passes including the Huta, Gutai, Prislop, Setref and Botiza. Three large valleys cross the region: the Viseu, Iza and Mara.

The Rodnei Mountains National Park, a natural reserve filled with a rich diversity of flora and fauna, has been awarded biosphere status by UNESCO. Here, chamois leap between rocks, eagles’ cries ring out overhead and as the snows recede in the spring, crocus and other flowers cut swaths of dazzling colors across the landscape.

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Day Trips

Merry Cemetery (Cimitirul Vesel) in Sapanta

Where: 40 miles northwest of Baia Mare
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei

Colorful, five-foot carved oak crosses, featuring portraits or scenes from the deceased’s life, are inscribed with witty epitaphs that capture essential elements – both the good and the imperfections – of the villagers who rest here. Words and images were chosen by the sculptor as he saw fit at this unique cemetery located just 15 minutes outside of Sighetu Marmatiei.

The crosses also feature geometric designs in symbolic colors: yellow for fertility (the subject had many children), red for passion, green for life, black for early death. The townsfolks’ ancestors considered death as a beginning, not the end. Therefore, the background is always blue, the color of hope and freedom.

Even without benefit of translation, visitors will appreciate the handiwork of sculptor Stan Ion Patras (1907-1977), who began carving these epitaphs in 1935. Patras’ house in the village is now a fascinating museum. Vasile Stan, one of Patras’ apprentices, continues the work of his master.

Wooden Churches of Maramures

The Wooden Churches of Maramures are unique in shape and ornamentation and eight of them – in Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogoz and Surdesti,– have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

The characteristic high roofs and tall, narrow, pointed steeples are often collectively described as the Gothic Style of Maramures. The primary wood material used by the artisans was local oak, which has survived the elements with sturdy elegance until today. The interior walls of the churches were painted by local artists, with biblical scenes often juxtaposed against the familiar landscape of the village.  Most of these houses of worship have stood proudly since the 17th and 18th centuries – some even longer. The oldest wooden church in Maramures is the Church on the Hill in Ieud, which dates from 1364. 

To learn more about the Wooden Churches of Maramures please visit:
www.RomaniaTourism.com/World-Heritage-Sites.html#Maramures

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Authentic Experiences

Viseu Valley Narrow Gauge Steam Train (Mocanita)

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City Essentials

  • Accommodations
  • Transportation
  • Tourist Info
  • Maps

Accommodation

For a list of available accommodation in Baia Mare, please check our Baia Mare hotel list or the accommodation guide.

Transportation

By air

Baia Mare Tautii Magheraus International Airport (BAY)
Address: Str. Tautii Magheraus
Telephone: (262) 293.444
Email: office@baiamareairport.ro
Web: www.baiamareairport.ro
Baia Mare is served by weekly direct flights from/to Bucharest. The airport is located about six miles west of the city center. Free shuttle bus transfer is available.

Airlines with service to Baia Mare:
Tarom - www.tarom.ro

Nearby airports:
Satu Mare (SUJ) - www.aeroportulsm.ro / 40 miles from Baia Mare
Cluj Napoca (CLJ) - www.airportcluj.ro /90 miles from Baia Mare
Suceava (SCV) - www.aeroportsuceava.ro / 170 miles from Baia Mare

By bus

Baia Mare Main Bus Station (Autogara Baia Mare)
Address: Str. Garii 2
Telephone: (262) 221.777
Web: www.autogari.ro/BaiaMare

Daily domestic bus service from/to: Arad, Borsa, Carei, Negresti-Oas, Oradea, Salonta, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Lapus, Timisoara, Vama

By car

Driving route from Bucharest to Baia Mare via E60 – E576 - E58 – 1C:
Bucuresti – Sinaia – Brasov – Sighisoara – Cluj – Dej – Baia Mare

Driving route from Budapest to Baia Mare via E71 – E58 - 1C:
Budapest –Mateszalka – Satu Mare – Baia Mare

Distances

Distance from Baia Mare to:
City Distance (Miles)
Bucharest 330
Arad 200
Belgrade (Serbia) 330
Bistrita 90
Brasov 235
Budapest (Hungary) 250
Cluj Napoca 90
Constanta 480
Gura Humorului 145
Iasi 250
Oradea 120
Prague (Czech Republic) 580
Satu Mare 40
Sibiu 190
Sighetu Marmatiei 30
Sighisoara 155
Suceava 170
Timisoara 230
Targu Mures 130
Tulcea 415
Vienna (Austria) 400

By train

Baia Mare train station (Gara Baia Mare)
Address: Str. Garii 4
Telephone: (262) 220.995
Daily train service to Bucharest, Brasov, Cluj, Constanta (summer time only), Satu Mare, Sighisoara, and several other cities in Romania. There is no direct train service between Baia Mare and Suceava. To get to Suceava, you must change trains in Cluj or Dej.  Also, there is no direct train service between Baia Mare and Sighetu Marmatiei.

To check the latest train schedules for domestic routes, please visit the website of the Romanian Railways: www.cfrcalatori.ro
The site has complete information about domestic train schedules and fares.
Note: For departures from /to Bucharest, please select Bucuresti Nord.

SNCFR’s Advance Booking Office (Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR)
Address: Str. Victoriei 57
Telephone: (262) 219.113
You can get train schedule information and make reservations up to 24 hours in advance at this office. Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the station.

Car rental

Rent A Car Maramures
Address: Aleea Dobrogei 1/30
Telephone: 744 705.873

Email: office@rentacarbaiamare.ro
Web: http://auto.rentacarbaiamare.ro

Taxi companies

Gallant : 942
Mara: 954 or (262) 216.813
Siromex: 944
Stotax: 953 or (262) 229.333
Taxiro: (262) 274.47
Usi: 959 or (262) 220.959

Tourist Info

Maramures Tourist Information Center (Centrul de Informare Turistica Maramures)
Address: Str. Gheorghe Sincai 46, Baia Mare
Telephone: (262) 206.113
Fax: (262) 206.114
E-mail: office@visitmaramures.ro
www.visitmaramures.ro

Weather

Baia Mare Weather Forecast
http://www.accuweather.com/world-index-forecast...

Postal services & Telephone

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Blvd. Traian 1A
Telephone: (262) 250.364
Open: Mon. – Fri. 7:00 a.m. – 8:00 p.m.; Sat. 8:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.; Closed Sun.

Telephoning Baia Mare from Abroad
International Access Code +40 (country code) + 262 or 362 (area code) + telephone number

Baia Mare — Useful Telephone Numbers
Baia Area Code (Prefix Baia Mare) 262 & 362
Ambulance (Ambulanta) 961
Police (Politia) 955 or (262) 207.600
Fire Department (Pompierii) 981
Local & County Archives (Arhivele locale)
Bd. Bucuresti 26, Baia Mare 430052
(262) 437.948
City Hall (Primaria) (262) 211.001
Better Business Bureau
(Oficiul pentru Protectia Consumatorilor)

Str. Dimitrie Cantemir 4B Baia Mare 430093
(262) 218.887

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