Foreign visitors consider Romanians among the friendliest and most hospitable people on earth.
Romanians are by nature fun loving, warm, hospitable, playful, with an innate sense of humor.
Romania is associated with big names in arts and sports:
Constantin Brancusi (1876 - 1957) — the artist whose works redefined sculpture, the most important sculptor of the Twentieth-Century.
"The world's most glamorous opera star" (New York Sun). "
"…perhaps the most instantly recognizable and interesting soprano voice of our time… a liquid instrument of great beauty" (Gramophone). www.AngelaGheorghiu.com
Alexandra Nechita — a young Romanian painter living in California, known for her distinct style. More info about Alexandra and her art please: AlexandraNechita.com
Ilie Nastase — Twice ranked as the world's number one men's player in the early 1970s,
Ilie Nastase won two Grand Slam singles titles during his illustrious career - the US Open in 1972 and the French Open in 1973.
One of the greatest touch players of the post-war era, Nastase was runner-up at Wimbledon in 1972 and 1976 and, in all, he won 57 career singles titles and 51 doubles titles.
Ilie Nastase is still one of crowd's favorites at the U.S. Open.
Radu Lupu - If there's one pianist who challenges you to hear classical music in a whole new way, it's Radu Lupu. Since winning the Van Cliburn Competition in 1966, he's gained a loyal following for his idiosyncratic interpretations that always explore the complex emotions behind the music.
(Attribution: www.carnegiehall.org )
More about Radu Lupu »
Nadia Comaneci — A gymnastics legend, stunning the world with her skills on the uneven bars, the first in the world to score a perfect 10. Nadia is practically single-handedly responsible for the popularity of gymnastics as a sport, thanks to sweeping the Olympics for gold medals in her youth.
Other world renowned Romanian artists include the writer Eugen Ionesco, pan flute virtuoso Gheorghe Zamfir and musician George Enescu.
About 19,500,000 people live in Romania.
Ethnic breakdown is 89% Romanian 7.5% Hungarian, 1.9% Gypsy,
German, Ukrainian, Armenian, Croatian, Serbian and Turkish.
More than 55% of Romania's population lives in urban areas
(there are 230 towns, 25 cities with a population of more than 100,000 and 8 cities with more than 300,000 inhabitants)
while 45 % of Romanians have their main residence in rural areas
(2,868 communes and 13,285 villages).
The main administrative divisions are called "judet" (county).
There are 41 counties in Romania.
The capital city, Bucharest (Municipiul Bucuresti), has the status of a county.
Eastern Orthodox 78%
Greek Catholic 10%
Roman Catholic 5%
Romanian, a Latin based language which is a continuation of the Latin
spoken in ancient times in Dacia and Moesia - the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.
A 31-letter Latin alphabet is in use.
Ethnic minorities (Hungarian and German) use their own languages in school and civil administration.
Literacy rate in Romania is 98%.
Most Romanians living in towns and cities are able to communicate in English, French or German.
In smaller villages only younger people and children usually speak foreign languages.
Around 80% of Romanians speak one foreign language, 25% of Romanians speak at least two,
4% of Romanians speak three or more foreign languages.
Romania has over 100 universities, and the country annually produces some 30,000 engineering graduates;
8,000 earn their degrees in IT sciences
For more information about Romanian language, a pronunciation guide and useful words and phrases please visit
To order the comprehensive "Romanian - English/ English Romanian
Dictionary & Phrasebook"
please e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.hippocrenebooks.com
The book also includes information about Romania's historical and cultural background.
Learn Romanian in Romania - Romanian Language Classes
January 1 and 2: New Year
January 24: Union of Romanian Principalities Wallachia and Moldova
February 19: birthday of artist Constantin Brancusi
March, April or May: Orthodox Easter Monday
(date varies, please see below)
May 1: Labor Day
May or June: Whit Monday (Rusaliile)
- celebrated 50 days after the Orthodox Easter
(date varies, please see below)
June 1: Children's Day
August 15: The Dormition of the Theotokos / Assumption of Mary (Sfanta Maria)
November 30: Saint Andrew Day (Sfantul Andrei)
December 1: Romania's National Day
December 25 and 26: Christmas
Dates of the Orthodox Easter (public holiday):
2018 - April 8 and 9
2019 - April 28 and 29
2020 - April 19 and 20
2021 – May 2 and 3
2022 – April 24 and 25
2023 – April 16 and 17
2024 – May 5 and 6
2025 - April 20 and 21
Dates of Rusaliile (public holiday):
2017 - June 4 and 5
2018 - May 27 and 28
2019 - June 16 an 17
2020 - June 7 and 8
2021 – June 20 and 21
2022 – June 12 and 13
2023 – June 1 and 2
2024 – June 23 and 24
2025 - June 8 and 9
According to the Greek Orthodox Church, nearly every day of the year
is dedicated to the memory of at least one Christian saint or martyr.
If someone is named after a saint, that day becomes his or her name day
(Ziua Onomastica or Ziua Numelui) and, traditionally, is celebrated.
Several religious holidays including:
feast of St. John (Sfantul Ion) - January 7,
feast of St. George (Sfantul Gheorghe) - April 23,
feast of Sts. Peter & Paul (Sfintii Petru si Paul) - June 29,
feast of St. Mary (Sfanta Maria) - August 15,
feast of St. Michael (Sfantul Mihai) - November 8
and St. Nicholas (Sfantul Nicolae) - December 6,
are observed throughout the year in rural areas.
Ethnic minorities celebrate their own religious and commmunity holidays.