Romania is a year-round tourist destination. However, from the end of April to the beginning of July and from end of August to the end of October are the most popular sightseeing periods, with generally mild and pleasant temperatures. Summers can be hot especially in Southern Romania, including Bucharest, but along the Black Sea Coast, sea breezes offer moderate temperatures. The mountain resorts and higher elevation areas are warm and pleasant during summer. Winters can be very cold, especially in the mountains and snow is common throughout the country from December to mid March. Skiers can usually enjoy their favorite sport in the Carpathian Mountain resorts from December until mid-April.
Romania's currency is Leu (plural "Lei" - pronunciation: lay).
Banknote denominations: 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 lei
Coins: 1, 5, 10 and 50 bani pieces. (pronunciation: bahnee)
1 leu = 100 bani
Foreign currencies may be exchanged at banks or authorized exchange offices (called: "casa de schimb" or "birou de schimb valutar"). International airports and larger hotels also offer currency exchange services.
Exchange rates** for foreign currencies, valid on May 6, 2015:
one US dollar = 3.98 Lei (3 lei and 98 bani)
one Canadian dollar = 3.29 Lei (3 lei and 29 bani)
one British Pound = 6.02 Lei (6 lei and 2 bani)
one Australian dollar = 3.13 Lei (3 lei and 13 bani)
one Euro = 4.42 Lei (4 lei and 42 bani)
** Official exchange rates announced by the National Bank of Romania.
ATM machines are available at main banks and at airports and shopping centres. There are very, very few ATMs in remote areas or villages.
ATMs that have symbols for international networks such as STAR and PLUS
will accept US/ Canadian banking cards.
Major credit cards including American Express, Mastercard and Visa are accepted in large hotels, car rental companies and stores in the main cities. However, credit cards are unlikely to prove useful in small towns or away from tourist areas.
Contrary to practice in the United States, a PIN is usually required to make credit card purchases. Many American banks allow cardholders to establish such a PIN prior to travel, in case one is needed. If you do not have a pin just tell the cashier "this is a no pin credit card". Regardless, you should notify your bank of your international travel, and the potential legitimate use of your card abroad, prior to leaving the U.S.
Preferably in US dollars or Euros, Travelers' Checks can be cashed in large banks, some hotels and selected exchange offices but most of them charge
Do not count on cashing such checks outside Bucharest and a few other major cities. For travel around the country it is a good idea to carry cash.
Small stores and restaurants might accept U.S. Dollars in small denominations
($ 1, 5, 10 and 20) but the exchange rate offered will not be the best.
Street handicraft vendors prefer Romanian currency.
Cash (US Dollars) can be easily exchanged at any bank or
Currency Exchange Office (Casa de Schimb or Casa de Schimb Valutar).
Please note that exchange rates offered by the exchange offices at
airports and other border crossing points can be 10% to 20% less than the official rate).
Taxi drivers serving the airport will probably accept US Dollars but most stores in Romania will only accept lei.
US Dollars are as good and popular as the Euros; you do not need to buy Euros before you leave the USA as you will have to change the Euros into Lei anyways.
Entrance fees to historic buildings and attractions are rarely more than $5.00.
Hotels outside Bucharest range from $65 to $150 per night/double room,
with full breakfast and taxes included.
A three-course dinner, for two, with wine and tip starts at $35.00 and
can go up to $200.00 or more in some of the more upscale restaurants in Bucharest. However, less expensive does not mean not as good as a very expensive one. Dinner in restaurants is often accompanied by live music.
Below are some price samples:
|Product/service||Price - lei
(U.S. $ equivalent)*
|Foods & Drinks|
|Loaf of white bread
|Quart of milk||$ 1.4|
|One lb of beef tenderloin||$ 4.50|
|One lb of tomatoes||$ 1.5|
|McDonald's Big Mac||$ 3.5|
|Bottle of mineral water
|Bottle of domestic beer
|Bottle of Romanian wine
|$ 4.00 to $ 8.50|
|Bus ticket - Bucharest
|Subway ticket - Bucharest
|Train ticket Bucharest to Brasov
(express train, 1st class)
|Train ticket Bucharest to Constanta
(express train, 1st class)
|Train ticket Bucharest to Cluj
(express train, 1st class)
|One gallon of gasoline
|Entertainment & Communication|
|Best opera/ theatre seat||$ 20.00 or less|
|Use of computer at Internet Cafe||$ 1.8 / hour|
Note: Although some stores, merchants or taxi drivers may accept payments in $ U.S. or other freely convertible currencies the National Bank of Romania regulations stipulate that payments for goods and services purchased in Romania should be made with Romanian money ( LEI ).
Note: Prices in luxury hotels and upscale restaurants in Bucharest can be as high as those in Western Europe.
A plug adaptor is required for non-European appliances.
Please remember that simple adapters do not convert voltage or frequency.
A power converter is necessary for appliances requiring 110 V.
International direct dialing service is available throughout Romania.
Most public telephones require the use of a calling/ telephone card.
It is very easy to rent or buy a cellular telephone in Romania.
Dialing within Romania:
0 + three digit area code + six digit telephone #
when dialing anywhere in the countryside or
0 + 21 + seven digit telephone # or 0 + 31 + seven digit telephone #
when dialing a number Bucharest.
Three digit telephone numbers are local toll-free numbers
for emergencies or businesses.
International dialing from Romania:
00 + country code + area code + telephone #
Dialing from a foreign country directly to Bucharest:
International Access Code +40 (country code) + 21 + seven digit telephone #
Dialing from a foreign country directly to any other city in Romania:
International Access Code + 40 (country code) + three digit area code + six digit phone #
Romania has several Internet access providers offering advanced services such as Internet messaging via mobile telephone, Internet paging, international roaming and more. A number of Internet retail outlets and cyber-cafes in almost every town offer convenient Internet access. An increasing number of hotels offer data ports with high-speed modem connections for guests to access the Internet and retrieve e-mail in the comfort of their rooms.
Access for people with disabilities to Romania's tourist attractions has improved in recent years, and it remains a priority. However, it is advisable to check with all service providers prior to your visit, ensuring that they are able to meet your particular needs. Advance notice and reservations will also help ensure that you receive the best possible assistance.
There are no too many public restrooms so your best bet might be large hotels, department stores or fast-food restaurants. Use of some public rest rooms may be subject to a small fee. Some public facilities in crowded areas, including those in trains and train stations, occasionally run out of toilet paper or might not be cleaned often enough. Carrying a packet of tissues with you is always a good idea. Restrooms signs will indicate "Femei" (for women) or "Bărbați" (for men).
It sometimes looks like almost every adult in Romania smokes.
Unfortunately, some of those who do smoke have little regard of non-smokers' comfort. The Romanian Government recently approved legislation that bans smoking in every public place but as in many countries in Eastern Europe some smokers might ignore smoking ban.
Currently smoking is not allowed on planes, on buses and on most trains.
Luxury hotels have designated no-smoking floors and most restaurants must
have no-smoking sections.
Smoking is also prohibited in public places such as hospitals, concert halls,
Although violent crime against tourists is almost non-existent visitors should take customary steps to safeguard their valuables. Leave your valuables and passport in the hotel's safety deposit box or use a money belt kept out of sight. Be aware of pickpockets and scam artists in major cities.
Do not attempt to exchange money on the street; you will likely be short-changed or receive a pile of worthless bills. Beware of con men masquerading as plainclothes police; they may pretend to check your papers or accuse you of exchanging currency on the black market. In fact they might try to steal your cash. Real plainclothes police officers might only ask to check personal documents but never your credit cards or your cash. Not having your passport with you will not be a problem. The officer will come with you to your hotel to see your passport if he really has to check it.
General emergency phone number: 112
Emergency Contacts in Bucharest
|US Embassy||021 210 40 42|
|Embassy of Canada||021 222 98 45|
|Embassy of the United Kingdom||021 312 03 03|
|Australian Consulate||021 206 22 00|
|Embassy of New Zeeland in Vienna||0043 1 318 8505|
For a listing of diplomatic offices in Romania please visit: www.mae.ro .
"Although we did encounter some negative attitudes towards homosexuality,
it was not much different from those that we've experienced in other countries.
We both agree that it would not prevent us from visiting Romania again".
(opinion recently expressed by a U.S. lesbian couple).
Attitudes and tolerance toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons vary from country to country, just as they vary among U.S. cities and states. Most LGBT travelers encounter no problems while in Romania,
but it helps to be prepared and research your destination before you go.
Social conservatism in Eastern Europe, especially with regard to LGBT rights and marriage equality, has definitely had its hold on Romania until relatively recently. Romania's institutional recognition of gay rights has been in place only since 2002 but now the country's anti-discrimination and anti hate crime legislation is progressive. When it joined the European Union in 2007, Romania was required to acknowledge gay marriages from other locations.
Gay-friendly cities include Bucharest, Cluj, Timisoara and Iasi.
Here are some tips for LGBT travelers:
Minimum driving age is 18.
A valid U.S., Canadian, Australian, EU driver’s license is acceptable for driving in Romania for 90-days from the date of entry into the country.
Driving is on the right side of the road.
Passengers in the front seat of a car must wear seatbelts at all times.
Children under 12 years of age must ride in the back seat.
Speed limits are 50 km/h (31 mph) in build-up areas, 90 km/h (56 mph) on main roads and 110 km/h (70 mph) on highways unless posted otherwise.
The use of cellular phones while driving is prohibited (only hands-free devices are allowed).
Driving while under the influence of alcohol is a criminal offense and penalties are severe. The police have the authority to stop vehicles at random and to perform preliminary breath alcohol tests.
In case of a car accident do not leave the site, call the police and
make sure that you get a copy of the Police Report.
General emergency number is: 112
Independent travelers entering Romania by car (own or rental) need to obtain a road toll sticker, called RoVinieta.
RoVigneta is available on-line www.RoViniete.ro as well as at most border-crossing points, postal offices and gas stations.
Cost of RoVinieta for passenger cars: Romanian currency equivalent of $3.50 (valid 7 days) or $9.00 (valid 30 days).
Banks are usually open 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM, Monday through Friday.
Some banks are also open on Saturday from 9:30 AM to 12:30 PM
Specialty stores (handicraft / gift / souvenir) in downtown area are usually open from 9:00 AM to 6:00 PM.
Malls and superstores are open until 9:00 PM or even later.
Authentic handicrafts available in specliaty stores include: embroideries, ceramics, pottery, porcelain, crystal, glassware, silverware, carpets, rugs, fabrics, wool jumpers, woodcarvings, glass paintings and more.
Antiques ("Antichitati") and Consigned Goods stores ("Consignatia") often have rare items that deserve shoppers' attention.
VAT / Value Added Tax (or in Romanian: T V A - Taxa pe Valoare Adăugată )
A sales tax (TVA) of 24 % is added to all retail sales, hotel stays and meals served in restaurants. It is usually included in the prices posted in stores, hotels and restaurants.
Like in many countries hotels charge an additional "local" tax (0.5% to 5% depending on the class of hotel).
VAT Refund - VAT refund offices (Birou de Restituire TVA) can be found at most Romanian border crossing points.
To claim you Sales Tax Refund please make sure that:
All refunds will be made in Romanian currency "Lei".
Taxi drivers do not expect tips but courteous service can be rewarded.
Hotel maid - the equivalent of $1.50 / day (4 Lei) or $10.00 (25 Lei) for one week or longer stays.
Hotel Concierge - tipping for the answer to a simple question is not necessary but 10 Lei ($4.00) to 15 Lei ($6.00) is suitable for help making reservations or getting tickets to a show.
Restaurants - although service is included a 5% to 10% tip will be appreciated.
Appropriate gratuities for Hairdressers and/ or Massage Terrapist are 10% to 15%.
Bellhop or Skycap - 2 Lei ($0.75) a bag.
Parking valet - 3 Lei ($1.00).
Romania uses the metric system of weights and measures. Speed and distance are measured in kilometres; goods in kilograms and litres; temperatures in Celsius - Centigrade.
1 centimetre = 0.4 inches
1 inch = 2.54 cm
1 metre = 3.3 feet = 1.1 yards = 100 centimetres
1 foot = 0.3 metres
1 kilometre = 0.62 miles = 1,000 metres
1 mile = 1.61 km
Weight & Volume conversion
100 grams = 3.5 oz
1 oz = 28.35 grams
1 kilogram = 2.2 lbs = 1,000 grams
1 lb = 454 grams
100 millilitres = 3.4 fl.oz
1 fl. oz. = 28.4 millilitres
1 liter = 1/4 gallon = 1,000 millilitres
1 gallon = 3.78 litres
Temperature conversion °C to °F
(°C multiply by 9, divide by 5, and add 32 or
double °C and add 30)
°C -18 -12 -7 0 4 10 16 21 27 32 38
°F 0 10 20 32 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Kilometres divided by 1.6 = miles
KmPH 10 30 50 60 80 90 110
MPH 6 21 31 39 50 56 70
Romanian (limba romana) is the official language of Romania. The name Romania, and its derivatives, come from the Latin word 'Romanus', a legacy of Roman rulers who took control of ancient Dacia in 106 A.D. Romanian retains a number of features of old Latin, such as noun cases, which other Romance languages dispensed with a long time ago. Romanian also contains many words taken from the surrounding Slavic languages, as well as from French, Old Church Slavonic, German, Greek and Turkish.
Romanian is actually easier for English speakers to understand than it is assumed. If you’ve studied other Romance language, such as Italian, Spanish, French or Portuguese, you may feel at home sooner than you think. Romanian is a phonetic language so words are pronounced as they are spelled.
A foreigner trying to learn or speak Romanian can expect positive reactions from native speakers. Most Romanian will certainly appreciate the fact that you are making an effort to speak their language.
For more about romanian language and a conversation guide please visit: