Official Name: Romania
Location: (Southeastern) Central Europe
Time Zone: Seven hours ahead of U.S. Eastern Standard Time (GMT + 2)
Area: 92,043 sq. miles (238,391 sq. km) - a little larger than the state of Minnesota
Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.
Population: 19,942,000 (March 2014)
Largest cities: Bucharest (1,883,400), Iasi (322,000), Cluj Napoca (309,000),
Timisoara (303,000), Constanta (298,000), Craiova (295,000), Galati (286,000),
Brasov (275,000), Ploiesti (224,000), Braila (205,000), Oradea (196,400).
Main Ethnic Groups: Romanian 84%, Hungarian 6.1%, Gipsy 3.1%,
German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.2%
Religions: Christian Orthodox 81%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, Reformed 3%,
Greek-Catholic 0.7%, Unitarian 0.3%, Jewish, other.
Official Language: Romanian
Currency: Leu (RON) ( plural Lei )
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons, similar to northeastern USA
Capital: Bucharest (București)
Form of State: Romania is a semi-presidential democracy
based on a bicameral Parliament:
the Chamber of Representatives or "Chamber of Deputies" (Camera Deputatilor)
the Senate (Senat).
All members of the legislature are directly elected from Romania's 41 counties.
Under the semi-presidential system, the president is responsible for foreign and defense policy and controls appointments of prosecutors and the judiciary.
Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
Electoral System: Universal direct suffrage over the age of 18.
Parties must win at least five percent of the national vote to gain
representation in the Parliament.
National Elections: December 9, 2012;
next ellections: Fall 2016 (parliamentary), Fall 2019 (presidential)
Head of State: President of the Republic, currently Mr. Klaus Werner Iohannis;
(elected on November 16, 2014).
Romania's president is allowed to serve two consecutive five-year terms.
National Government: The government is led by the Prime Minister,
confirmed by the Parliament on the nomination of the President of Romania.
The present Government is formed by the 'PSD - UNPR - PC' coalition (Social-Democratic Party, National Union for Progress and the Conservative Party).
Head of the Government: the Prime Minister, currently
Mr. Victor Viorel Ponta (Social-Democratic Party).
Main political parties:
Social Democratic Party (PSD), the New National Liberal Party (Noul PNL), Democratic Union of Hungarian Ethnics in Romania (UDMR), National Union for Progress (UNPR), Conservative Party (PC), Popular/ Social Movement (PMP).
Regional Government: Forty-one County Councils (Consiliu Judeţean).
Romania is a member state of the
European Union and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)