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Baia Mare


(Pronunciantion: By ah Mah reh)
Baia Mare

Baia Mare General Information

Fast Facts

Location: Northwestern Romania (County: Maramures)
Size: 20 sq. miles (52 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 729 ft. (228 m.)
Population: 136,000
First documented: 1329 AD

City Highlights

One of the most important mining centers of Romania, Baia Mare has a history of more than 2,000 years of gold, silver, and other nonferrous metals extraction. The town still preserves some its medieval past around its main town square: Piața Libertații (Circulus Fori).

The oldest house in Baia Mare Old Town, Casa Ioan Corvin de Hunedoara (aka Casa Elisabeta), dates from the 1440s; a lone remnant of a long-gone castle complex commisioned by Transylvanian voivode Ioan de Hunedoara, for his wife Elisabeta.
Casa Ioan de Hunedoara, is today an visual arts exhibition venue.
Towering above the square is one of town's landmarks the 120-foot-tall Gothic-style watchtower
(Turnul lui Ștefan) erected in mid-1400s to mark the 1442 victory of the army of voivode Ioan Corvin de Hunedoara, against the Otomans that attacked Transylvania.
(Baia Mare - City Map)

The hills overlooking Baia Mare are home to Europe's northernmost reserve of
Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut tree).

Another square, Piata Izvoarelor, houses Baia Mare's main open-air food market.

Next to it stands the only remaining part of the town's 15th century medieval fortifications:
the Butchers' Tower (Turnul Măcelarilor), built to defend the old citadel's southern gate.
Because town's weapons were stored in Butchers' Tower the structure is also known as the Armory Tower.

During the medieval times, Butchers' Guild was the richest and most influential
of Baia Mare's 23 guilds.

Museums

Baia Mare Art Museum
(Muzeul Judetean de Arta)

Address: Strada 1 Mai nr. 8
Telephone: (+4) 0262 213.964
Open: Tue. – Sun. 10 a.m. -- 5 p.m.
Admission charge:
Adults - 7 lei ($1.75)
Children/ students: 3 lei ($0.75)
Website
The Art Museum, located in a landmark building dating from 1784, holds a treasure trove of art depicting life in Maramures from the late 1800s until present day. The painting collection features works of local artists, as well as Romanian and European contemporary art.

Baia Mare History & Archaeology Museum
(Muzeul Județean de Arheologie și Istorie)

Address: Strada Monetariei 3
Telephone: (+4) 0262 211.924
Open: Tue. – Sun: 10 a.m. -- 5 p.m.
Admission charge:
Adults - 6 lei ($1.50)
Children/ students: 3 lei ($0.75)
Website
Housed in the elegant 18th century Baroque building, the museum has three main sections:
„Cetatea de piatră – Cetatea Chioarului” - a rich collection of items that illustrate the medieval civilization in Baia Mare area: coins, pottery, weapons, tools, clothing.
"Minerit şi civilizaţie în Maramureş" - exhibits that attests the long mining history of the region, especially gold mining.
Călătorie în universul Ceasului - The World of Horology: over 300 clocks and watches, antique furniture and decorative objects are on display in this section of the museum.

Baia Mare Etnographic and Traditional Village Museum
(Muzeul de Etnografie si Arta Populara)

Address: Strada Dealul Florilor 1
Telephone: (+4) 0262 276.895
Website
Open:
Tue. – Fri.: 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Sat. – Sun.: 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Admission charge
Traditional Maramures wooden houses are on display.

Baia Mare Mineralogy Museum
(Muzeul de Mineralogie „Victor Gorduza”)

Address: Bulevardul Traian 8
Telephone: (+4) 0262 227.517
Website
Open: Tue. – Sun., 9 a.m. -- 5 p.m.
Admission charge:
Adults: 10 lei ($2.50)
Senior citizens: 6 lei ($1.50)
Children/ students: 3 lei ($0.75)
Hundreds of local rocks, fossil flora and wonderful mine crystal.

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Attractions Near Baia Mare

Baia Mare is an excellent starting point to explore the region of Maramures (NW Romania), where beautiful mountains and rolling hills and picturesque villages abound.

Gutai-Ignis natural reserve, the wooden churches in Surdesti and Plopis, Dan Les' potery workshop in Baia Sprie are within a 20 miles radius from Baia Mare.

The Gutai, Lapus, Tibles Maramures and Rodnei Mountains are cut by passes including the Huta, Gutai, Prislop, Setref and Botiza. Three large valleys cross the region: the Viseu, Iza and Mara.

The Rodnei Mountains National Park, a natural reserve filled with a rich diversity of flora and fauna, has been awarded biosphere status by UNESCO. Here, chamois leap between rocks, eagles' cries ring out overhead and as the snows recede in the spring, crocus and other flowers cut swaths of dazzling colors across the landscape.

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Day Trips

Merry Cemetery (Cimitirul Vesel) in Sapanta

Where: 40 miles northwest of Baia Mare
Nearest train station: Sighetu Marmatiei
Address: Strada Ion Pătraș - Săpânța

Colorful grave signs (carved in oak), featuring witty epitaphs that capture an essential element – qualities or imperfections – of the life of every villager who rests in the cemetery. Words and images were chosen by the sculptor as he saw fit at this unique cemetery located just 15 minutes outside of Sighetu Marmatiei.

The crosses also feature geometric designs in symbolic colors: yellow for fertility (the subject had many children), red for passion, green for life, black for early death. The townsfolks' ancestors considered death as a beginning, not the end. Therefore, the background is always blue, the color of hope and freedom.

Even without benefit of translation, visitors will appreciate the handiwork of sculptor Stan Ion Patras (1907-1977), who began carving these epitaphs in 1935. Patras' house in the village is now a fascinating museum. Vasile Stan, one of Patras' apprentices, continues the work of his master.

Wooden Churches of Maramures

The Wooden Churches of Maramures are unique in shape and ornamentation and eight of them – in Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogoz and Surdesti,– have been recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

The characteristic high roofs and tall, narrow, pointed steeples are often collectively described as the Gothic Style of Maramures. The primary wood material used by the artisans was local oak, which has survived the elements with sturdy elegance until today. The interior walls of the churches were painted by local artists, with biblical scenes often juxtaposed against the familiar landscape of the village. Most of these houses of worship have stood proudly since the 17th and 18th centuries – some even longer. The oldest wooden church in Maramures is the Church on the Hill in Ieud, which dates from 1364.

More info about the Wooden Churches of Maramures

Authentic Experiences

Viseu Valley Narrow Gauge Steam Train (Mocanita)

.Viseu de Sus narrow-gauge train info

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City Essentials

Accommodations

Selected Baia Mare hotels and other accommodations.

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Transportation

By Air

Baia Mare International Airport (BAY)
Address: Strada 66, Nr. 22, Tăuții-Măgherăuș
Telephone: (+4) 0262 293.444
E-mail
Website
Non-stop flights from/to Bucharest, Bergamo and Milan (Italy), London (United Kingdom), Paris (France).
The airport is located about six miles west of the city center; free shuttle bus transfer is available.

Airports near Baia Mare:
Satu Mare International Airport (SUJ)e - 40 miles west of Baia Mar
Cluj Napoca (CLJ) - 90 miles south
Oradea International Airport (OMR) - 120 miles south-west

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Car Travel to/ from Baia Mare

Driving route from Bucharest to Baia Mare via E60 – E576 - E58 – 1C:
Bucuresti – Sinaia – Brasov – Sighisoara – Cluj – Dej – Baia Mare

Driving route from Budapest to Baia Mare via E71 – E58 - 1C:
Budapest –Mateszalka – Satu Mare – Baia Mare

Distances

Distance from Baia Mare to:
CityDistance (Miles)
Bucharest330
Arad200
Belgrade (Serbia)330
Bistrita90
Brasov235
Budapest (Hungary)250
Cluj Napoca90
Constanta480
Gura Humorului145
Iasi250
Oradea120
Prague (Czech Republic)580
Satu Mare40
Sibiu190
Sighetu Marmatiei30
Sighisoara155
Suceava170
Timisoara230
Targu Mures130
Tulcea415
Vienna (Austria)400

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Baia Mare Train

Baia Mare train station
(Gara Baia Mare)
Address: Str. Garii 4
Telephone: 0262 220.995
Daily train service to Bucharest, Brasov, Cluj, Constanta (summer time only), Satu Mare, Sighisoara, and several other cities in Romania. There is no direct train service between Baia Mare and Suceava. To get to Suceava, you must change trains in Cluj or Dej.

To check train and bus schedules for domestic routes please visit our
Domestic Transportation section
Note: For departures from /to Bucharest, please select Bucuresti Nord.

SNCFR Ticket Office
(Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR)
Address: Str. Victoriei 57
Telephone: (+4) 0262 219.113

Baia Mare SNCFR ticket office offers train information and tickets for future travel.
Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the train station.

Baia Mare Bus

Baia Mare Main Bus Station
(Autogara Baia Mare)
Address: Str. Garii 2
Telephone: (+4) 0262 221.777

Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Arad, Borsa, Carei, Negresti-Oas, Oradea, Salonta, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Lapus, Timisoara, Vama

A shuttle service from Baia Mare to Budapest (Hungary) Nepliget bus terminal
(with stops in Satu Mare and Budapest Airport)
is operated by Efi Travel / EFI Bus
For more information and reservations please E-mail EFI Travel or call (+4) 0745 600.796

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Car rental

Rent A Car Maramures
Address: Aleea Dobrogei 1/30
Telephone: (+4) 0744 705.873
E-mail
Website

Promotor Rent a Car
Address: Strada Victoriei 73
Telephone: (+4) 0734 403.403
E-mail
Website

Rent A Car Airport
Telephone: (+4) 0788 523.551
E-mail
Website

Autonom
Telephone: (+4) 0754 223.007
E-mail
Website

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Baia Mare Taxi

Taxi companyPhone #
Gallant0262 216.363
Mara0262 954
Siromex0262 944
Stotax0262 222.111
TaxiRo0262 944
Usi Taxi262 949

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Tourist Info

Maramures Tourist Information Center
(Centrul de Informare Turistica Maramures)
Address: Str. Gheorghe Sincai 46, Baia Mare
Telephone: (+4) 0262 206.113
E-mail
www.visitmaramures.ro

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Postal services & Telephone

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Blvd. Traian 1 A
Telephone: (+4) 0262 250.364
Open:
Mon. – Fri.: 8 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Sat. 10 a.m. – 2 p.m.

Telephoning Baia Mare from Abroad
International Access Code +4 (country code) + 0262 or 0362 (area code) + six-digit telephone number

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Baia Mare — Useful Telephone Numbers

Baia Area Code (Prefix Baia Mare) — 0262 & 0362

General Emergency #: 112
(Ambulance ((Ambulanta)), Police (Politia), Fire Department (Pompierii)

Maramures County Archives - Baia Mare
(Directia Judeteana Maramures a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address: Bd. Bucuresti 26,
Baia Mare, postal code 430052
Telephone: (+4) 0262 437.948
E-mail

Baia Mare City Hall (Primaria): 0262 211.001

Consumer Protection Agency
(Oficiul pentru Protectia Consumatorilor)
Address: Str. Dimitrie Cantemir 4B
Telephone: (+4) 0262 218.887
E-mail

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Maps

- City Map (Harta orasului Baia Mare)
- Romania Maps(Harta Romaniei)