Location: Calnic, Transylvania – Central Romania
Address: Calnic, Alba county
Nearest large towns: Sebes (9 miles N), Alba Iulia (20 miles N), Sibiu (30 miles SE)
Nearest train station: Miercurea Sibiului
Hours: Monday - Sunday: 9:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Admission: 5 Lei, Camera/ Photo fee: 7 Lei
Built in the 13th century by Count Chyl de Kelling, the Fortified Church at Calnic (German: Kelling) is one of the most imposing defensive structures in Transylvania. First documented in 1269, the fortress served as a residence for Saxon nobility until 1430, when it was sold to the peasant community of Calnic.
Enclosed by one and a half rings of high walls fortified with a defensive tower to the south and a gate tower to the north, the fortress withstood several Ottoman sieges. Its defense system was completed in the 16th century when a small Romanesque chapel, surrounding walls and a water ditch were added by the Calnic community.
The five-story-high Siegfried Tower, the landmark of the fortress, is endowed with defensive corridors and firing windows. An on-site medieval art museum displays various artifacts.