Deva General Information
Location: West-Central Romania (Hunedoara County, in Transylvania)
Size: 23.5 sq. miles (61 sq. km)
Elevation: 614 ft. (187 meters)
Inhabited since: 450 BC
First documented: 1269 AD (Castrum Deva)
Deva is a large town in west – central Romania, set on the left bank of Mures River, not far from Romania's main coal and mineral mining area.
Numerous artifacts dating from the Bronze Age, found in the area, indicate that Deva region has been inhabited since at least 450 BC. The name Deva may have been given to the area by the leaders of the Roman Legion Augusta II who – in early 100s AD – has been transferred from Castrum Deva (Castra Devana) in Britania (today the city of Chester in England) to the newly conquered territory of Dacia / Transylvania.
Deva is – for the members of the Universal Unitarian Church – an important place of pilgrimage. Unitarianism traces its institutional roots to Transylvania, where Unitarianism has flourished since the 1500s. The ruins of Deva fortress contain the prison where Francis Davíd (Ferenc Dávid) - the Unitarian founder of Europe's first official declaration of religious toleration - died in 1579.
Deva is also nicknamed: "Capital of Romania's Gymnastics". Since 1978, the country's best gymnasts - including Olympic, World and European champions Nadia Comaneci, Ecaterina Szabo, Lavinia Agache,Daniela Milosevici, Maria Olaru, Catalina Ponor – have trained and got their education at Deva National Gymnastics Center (Colegiul National Sportiv Cetatea Deva).
Deva Fortress (Cetatea Deva)
Rising some 1,000 ft. on a rocky hill-top (Dealul Cetatii), Deva fortress - the symbol of the town - had witnessed, since 1269, the town's long history and countless visitors.
For centuries the fortress (nicknamed "the Key to Mures River") has guarded the access, from the western regions of Banat and Crisana and from Central Europe, to Transylvania.
The fortress is open daily and admission is free.
The climb to the fortress is a 45-minute walk on a reasonable path.
Those who do not wish to walk to the citadel can use the funicular to reach nearly to the top.
One must still navigate a series of steps to enter the ruins of the fortress and view the memorial to Francis David.
His statement "We need not think alike to love alike" still inspires many today.
From the top of Dealul Cetatii hill visitors can view the route of the "Salt Road" the old Roman route that used to connect Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire, with Transylvania.
October 1 - April 30 — 8 a.m. - 8 p.m.
May 1 - September 30 — 9 a.m. - 9 p.m.
Admission to the citadel is free-of-charge.
Funicular / Incline Tramway to the citadel:
Adults: 20 Lei (round-trip)
Children, students and senior citizens: 10 Lei (round-trip)
Proof of status (student ID / senior citizen) is need to get a discounted ticket.
Magna Curia Palace
Address: Bd. 1 Decembrie 1918, nr. 39
At the foot of the Fortress Hill (Dealul Cetatii) lies the Magna Curia Palace (Latin for The Great Court),
a Renaissance style structure built in 1621. Subsequent modifications, last one in 1746, added numerous Baroque elements - including a monumental staircase and a lobed balcony - gave the structure the shape and look of today.
Magna Curia Palace is now home to the Museum of Dacian and Roman Civilizations.
Deva - Performing Arts Theater (Teatrul de Arta – Deva)
Built in mid 1800s, the "Art Theater" is Deva's finest example of Secession Viennese architecture and the city's main cultural institution. The building was opened as a theater in 1911 after extensive renovations based on plans by architect Marcell Komor whose other major works include Targu Mures Municipality Building (Romania),
Reduta concert hall in Bratislava (Slovakia) and Subotica synagogue (Serbia).
Episcopal Cathedral St. Nicholas (Catedrala Episcopala Sfantul Nicolae)
Address: Strada Avram Iancu 2
Built in 1861 the massive cathedral features beautiful Roman-Byzantine (interior) frescoes; the exterior is adorned with base-reliefs. Twenty-one crosses are placed on the roof of the structure.
Statue of Dacian King Decebal
Location: Citadel Park (Parcul Cetății)
A bronze statue is dedicated to the king of Dacia: Decebalus (Decebal) who ruled the Dacians between AD 87 and 106. The kingdom of Dacia stretched between the rivers Tisa, Danube, upper Dniester and Siret (a significant part of the territory of today's Romania). Decebalus translates into "strong as ten men". Decebalus fought several wars against the Roman Empire; his army was defeated in 106 AD by the Roman legions of Emperor Trajan and the king of Dacia committed suicide to avoid capture.
Statue of Roman Emperor TrajanLocation: Piata Unirii (Union Square)
The statue of Roman Emperor Trajan stands in front of Deva town hall. To increase the glory of his reign, restore the finances of Rome, and end a treaty with Dacia perceived as humiliating, Trajan resolved on the conquest of Dacia, the capture of the famous Treasure of Decebalus, and control over the Dacian gold mines of Transylvania. The result of his first campaign (101–102) was the siege of the Dacian capital Sarmizegethusa and the occupation of part of the Dacia. Emperor Trajan recommenced hostilities against Dacia and in 105 AD and in 106 gained control over a significant part of Dacia's territory.
To commemorate Emperor Trajan's victory against the Dacians, the Roman Senate commissioned the construction of a monument: a freestanding column (Trajan's Column) famous for its spiral bas relief, which artistically describes the epic wars between the Romans and Dacians (101–102 and 105–106). Its design has inspired numerous victory columns, both ancient and modern.
Items of great historical and cultural value are exhibited in the fhe four main sections of this museum: history, numismatic, art and natural sciences.
The archeology and history section of the Museum of Dacian and Roman Civilizations displays fragments of Transylvania's ancient history, including earthenware vessels, tools, coins and other finds dating from different eras: the prehistoric age, Dacian, Roman, pre-medieval and medieval.
Sections of the museum (found in the same or different locations) include:
the Natural History Museum (Muzeul de Stiinte ale Naturii),
The Art Gallery ( (Sectia de Arta),
Archaeology Museum - Sarmisegetusa (38 miles S of Deva),
Museum of Local History and Ethnography in Brad (24 miles N of Deva),
Museum of Ethnography and Folk Art in Orăștie (15 miles E of Deva).
Tuesday - Sunday: 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. (summer season)
Tuesday - Sunday: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. (summer season)
Admission fee: Adults - 20 Lei (approx. $5.00), Children and students - 4 Lei (approx. $1.00)
Corvin Castle – Hunedoara
Where: 12 miles south of Deva
Access: car, bus, train
Corvin Castle Info
The most spectacular Gothic-style castle in Romania,
Corvin castle has been the setting of numerous film productions and TV advertisements.
Săvârșin Castle (Castelul Săvârșin)
Where: 44 miles west of Deva, 56 miles east of Arad
Address: Strada Alba Iulia 457, Săvârșin, Telephone: (+4) 0743 183 181, E-mail, Website
Regular visiting days/ time:
May 1 – October 1
Friday through Sunday, 9 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Advance reservations are required for visits during any other days.
Simple architecture, missing the rich decorations and ornaments specific to royal residences, defines Savarsin Castel - the countryside retreat of Romania’s former royal family. A 16-acre park - which contains numerous rare species of trees and shrubs, such as silver firs, spruces, pyramidal thujas, swamp cypresses, Himalayan pines, Turkish walnut trees - surrounds the castle.
The castle’s grounds are also home to a Teahouse, an automobile museum and a craftsman village.
Simeria Arboretum / Dendrological Park (Parcul Dendrologic Simeria)
Simeria – Transylvania is home to Europes's third largest Arboretum. The 180-acres park, located on the left bank of Mures River, was created in the early eighteenth century and, intensively developed since 1953 by the local Forest Research Agency. It is believed to be the oldest, the most valuable and picturesque collection of exotic and native trees and shrubs in Romania.
The native vegetation: riparian forests, fragments of an ancient elm forest and rare oaks forest are complemented by 2,165 diverse species of (exotic) plants and rare trees brought from all over the world.
Plant enthusiast, birders, walkers and anyone who enjoys nature and fresh air can spend several hours or even a whole day at Simeria Arboretum to relax and enjoy the diverse landscapes that include lakes and streams and walking paths.
Opening Hours: 8 a.am -- 8 p.m. (daily)
Admission fee: Adults: 4 Lei (approx. $1), Children: 2.00 Lei (approx. $0.50)
Banpotoc Gardens - I Giardini di Zoe Park (Gradinile Banpotoc)
Address: Banpotoc 337266
Where: 10 miles NE of Deva
Access: car or bus to Banpotoc (40 minute bus ride)
Telephone: (+4) 0770 263.522, Website
Opening Hours: 8 a.m. - 8 p.m. (daily)
Admission fee: 10 Lei (approx. $2.50)
Aurel Vlaicu Memorial Museum
Where: village Aurel Vlaicu (24 miles east of Deva)
Address: Sat Aurel Vlaicu nr. 177, comune Geoagiu
Access: car, bus
Telephone: (+4) 0727 516.884, E-mail, Website
Opening Hours: Tuesday - Sunday: 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Between 1909 and 1912, Romanian engineer and airplane pilot Aurel Vlaicu has designed and built three self-powered airplanes featuring one central aluminum tubing, flight controls (in front) two propellers (Gnome rotary engines, one mounted ahead of the nacelle, and the other to the rear of the wing) and a tricycle-landing gear with independent trailing arm suspension and brakes on the rear wheel.
Romania's 50 Lei banknote, currently in use, has a portrait of Vlaicu on the obverse, and on the reverse a drawing of one of his airplanes and a cross-section of the airplane's engine.
Gabriel Bethlen Residence - The Red Bastion (Bastionul Roșu)
Address: Strada Libertatii 69 / DN 7, Ilia
Where: 18 miles west of Deva
Telephone: (+4) 0726 489 697
Located in an area rich in history, Gabriel Bethlen Manor (the Red Bastion) - (re)built in 1850, on the site of a 1582 structure - is an interesting example of Romantic architecture.
Roman Baths "Thermae Gemisara" (Geoagiu Bai)
Where: 23 miles north-east of Deva
Access: car, bus
Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana (Archeology Museum and Ruins of Roman City "Ulpia Traiana")
Where: 38 miles south of Deva
Address: DN 68 Sarmizegetusa nr. 1
Access: car, bus
Telephone: (+4) 0728 025.694, E-mail, Website
Opening Hours: 9 am -- 5 pm (daily)
Admission fee: 14 lei (adults), Children and students: free
Spanning about 80 acres and numbering 20.000 to 25.000 inhabitants, the strongly fortified, Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica (later named Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa after the former Dacian capital located some 45 miles east) was, during the 2nd -- 3rd centuries, the political, administrative and religious center of Roman Dacia (also known as Dacia Traiana or Dacia Felix).
Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica was the first city founded, in Dacia, by Emperor Trajan.
Roman Dacia, a province of the Roman Empire from 106 to 276 AD, consisted of western and southwestern Transylvania, the Banat, and Oltenia (regions of modern Romania).
A coin (sestertius) dedicated to "the best ruler", Emperor Trajan, was minted, in Rome, to mark the settlement of the new colony.
The Roman of Dacia conquest was followed by a period of peace, stability, and prosperity.
Agriculture, stockbreeding, and commerce flourished in the province. Dacia began to supply grains not only to the military personnel stationed in the province but also to the rest of the Balkan area.
New mines were opened, and ore extraction intensified.
In the 250s, the Carpi (Free Dacians) and then the Goths advance intensified.
Since it became more and more difficult to keep Dacia within the boundaries of the Roman Empire, the last province to be added to the Roman Empire was the first to be abandoned by the Roman army.
Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa was destroyed by the Goths, most likely at the beginning of the 4th Century AD.
Today, the former Roman capital of Dacia remains in ruins, with a partly preserved forum, palace of the Augustalia, the thermae, the amphitheatre, several temples, some of the public and private edifices.
Where: 46 miles east of Deva
Access: car, bus, train
Alba Iulia info
(Ruins of the capital of Dacian Kingdom "Sarmisegetusa Regia")
Retezat National Park
Where: 60 miles south of Deva
Access: car, bus
Retezat National Park info
Medieval town of Sibiu
Where: 74 miles east of Deva
Access: car, bus, train
Where: 94 miles west of Deva
Access: car, bus, train
(Teatrul de Arta Deva)
Deva does not have a local airport;
the closest airports to Deva are:
Sibiu Airport (75 miles east of Deva)
Targu Mures Airport (120 miles north-east of Deva)
Timisoara Airport (95 miles west of Deva)
The fastest route from Bucharest to Deva is A1 – E81:
Bucharest – Pitesti – Ramnicu Valcea – Sibiu – Sebes - Orastie - Deva
Distance from Deva to:
Bucharest — 255 miles
Arad — 120 miles
Belgrade (Serbia) — 190 miles
Brasov — 195 miles
Budapest (Hungary) — 275 miles
Cluj-Napoca — 105 miles
Iasi — 305 miles
Oradea — 134 miles
Prague (Czech Republic) — 596 miles
Sibiu — 74 miles
Sighetu Marmatiei — 214 miles
Sighisoara — 118 miles
Suceava — 280 miles
Timisoara — 94 miles
Vienna (Austria) — 422 miles
Deva Train Station (Gara Deva)
Address: Piata Garii 1, Tel: 0254 212.725
The train station is located less than 0.5 miles from downtown Deva.
There are direct trains from./ to Deva to/ from Romania's main cities
as well as international service from/to Budapest (Hungary).
For the list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit: RomaniaTourism.com/Transportation.html#ByTrain
To check the train schedules for domestic and domestic routes please visit our Domestic Transportation section: RomaniaTourism.com/transportation.html#domestic
Note: For departures from /to Bucharest please select Bucuresti Nord.
Deva Bus Stations - international & domestic bus service
Atlasib Bus Station (Autogara Atlasib)
Address: Piata Garii 1 (next to the train station), Tel: 0254 231.519
Eurolines Bus Station, (Autogara Eurolines)
Address: Piata Garii 1 (next to the train station), Tel: 0254 234.220
PlusCom Bus Station (Autogara PlusCom)
Address: Piata Garii 1 (next to the train station), Tel: 0722 238.969
International Bus Companies Serving Deva:
Atlasib Address: Bd. Iuliu Maniu, bl. B1, ap. 23, Tel: 0741 269.756, email@example.com
Address: Str. Iuliu Maniu, Bl. J, Tel: 0723 322.747, firstname.lastname@example.org
Deva's public transportation network includes 11 bus and mini-bus routes.
Astral Taxi: 0254 234.567
City Taxi: 0254 221.111
Euro Taxi: 0254 223.344
Fly Taxi: 0254 225.511
Taxi Deva: 0254 224.444
Address: Bd.l 1 Decembrie 1918 nr. 6, Deva, Tel: 0254 232.004, www.Autonom.ro
Rent a Car Deva
Address: Piata Victoriei 2, Deva, Tel: 0726 679.034, www.rentacardeva.ro
There are several pharmacies (farmacie) open 24 hours a day in the city.
Emergency Clinic Hospital (Spitalul Judetean Deva)
Address: Str. 22 Decembrie nr. 58, Tel: 0254 227.070
Deva Main Post Office
Address: Bd. Decebal, bl. 16, Tel: 0254 212.222
Hours — Mon. - Fri.: 8 a.m. - 7 p.m.; Sat.: 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.
Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.
Telephoning Deva from Abroad
International Access Code +4 (country code) + 0254 or 0354 (area code) + six-digit telephone number
Bureau of Consumer Protection
(Comisariatul Judetean pentru Protectia Consumatorilor - Hunedoara)
Address: Str. Mihai Viteazu 3, Tel: 0254 214.971, E-mail