Rent a Car - Expedicar
Sighisoara - Transylvania, Romania

Facts about Transylvania

Transylvania or Transilvania (from Latin – "the land beyond the forest") is a region in central Romania,
'bordered' to south and east by the arc of the Carpathian mountains.
Area: 34,177 sq miles
Population: Approximately 5 million
Main cities and towns: Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Medias, Deva , Miercurea Ciuc,
Sfântu Gheorghe, Sebes, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures

Transylvania Highlights

Transylvania is home to some of Europe's best-preserved medieval towns, most notably Brasov, featuring Old Saxon architecture and citadel ruins; Sibiu with its cobblestone streets and pastel-colored houses, and Sighisoara, adorned with a hilltop citadel, secret passageways and a 14th century clock tower. Tiny shops offer antiques and fine hand-made products by local artisans and artists.

Visitors to Transylvania will also encounter stunning castles such Bran, near Brasov, a Gothic fairy-tale structure, often associated with 15th century Walachian Prince Vlad Tepes, the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula.
While the connection with Vlad is tenuous, the deep bond of local villagers with the legend is not.

In close proximity to Brasov and Bran are the Saxon fortified churches at Harman, with its massive 13th Saxon towers, and Prejmer, the largest fortified church in Southeastern Europe. The 15th-century Corvinilor Castle, the most beautiful in Transylvania, located near town of Hunedoara, has a sumptuous Knights Hall – that can be used for functions or parties, as well as towers and buttresses reminiscent of the medieval times.

Transylvania is the birthplace of the Unitarian Church that merged with the Universalist Church in America,
in 1961, to form the present Unitarian Universalist Association.

Transylvania's multi-ethnic heritage, including German and Hungarian, is delightfully apparent in the folk costumes, architecture, cuisine, music and festivals.

Colorful centuries-old traditions are alive and well in the small villages of Transylvania. People here still make a living at such time-honored occupations as shepherds, weavers, blacksmiths and carpenters.

The Apuseni Mountain range, in the western Carpathians, is a landscape of exquisite beauty and mystery. Here, you'll find ancient legends of mountain spirits and rare species of wildlife, along with 4,000 caves, many of which can be explored. Scarisoara Glacier, a national monument, shelters the second largest underground glacier on the continent.

Places to explore in Transylvania

Some of Europe's best-preserved medieval towns: Brasov, Sibiu, Sighisoara

Bran Castle (also known as Dracula's Castle), built in 1377

Rasnov Fortress – built in the 1300s by the Teutonic Knights to protect Transylvania against the Tartars and the Turks

The Saxon fortified churches at Biertan, Calnic, Harman, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, and Viscri - all designated by UNESCO as World Heritage sites

Transylvania's finest art museum – the Bruckenthal Palace in Sibiu

Marginimea Sibiului, an area northwest of Sibiu home to more than 18 traditional villages

The Museum of Glass-Painted Icons in Sibiel, the largest of its kind in Europe

The 14th-century Gothic Corvinilor Castle

The Dacian Fortresses at Sarmisegetuza (UNESCO World Heritage List)

The Moti Land (Tara Motilor) on the Ariesi Valley - moţi is the name given to the inhabitants of this region. They live in scattered villages at altitudes up to 4,500 feet and have preserved their century-old traditions and lifestyle.

The Apuseni Mountains home to charming, remote villages, unspoiled landscapes and over 400 caves and underground glaciers, including Scarisoara and Focul Viu, Chiscau Bears' Cave and Vartop Cave.

Main Museums in Transylvania

Unification Museum - Alba Iulia

Ethography Museum - Brasov

Brasov Art Museum - Brasov

Brasov History Museum - Brasov

Weavers' Bastion - Brasov

Ethnography Museum of Transylvania -Cluj Napoca

Cluj Napoca Art Museum - Cluj Napoca

Transylvania History Museum - Cluj Napoca

Csíki Székely Museum - Miercurea Ciuc

"ASTRA" Museum of Ethnography and Rural Civilization - Sibiu

Bruckenthal - Sibiu, Transylvania's finest art museum

History Museum in Sighisoara, featuring the Torture Room

Transylvania Performing Arts Institutions

Gheorghe Dima Brasov State Philharmonic,
National Opera
Puppet Theater "Arlechino",
Sica Alexandrescu Drama Theater

Cluj Opera,
National Theater,
Hungarian Language Theater - Cluj Napoca,

Radu Stanca National Theate,
State Philharmonic Sibiu

Targu Mures:
Philharmonic Orchestra at the Hall of Mirrors

Transylvania Outdoor Adventures & Nature Parks

Apuseni Nature Park – a wildlife and caver's paradise

Gradistea Muncelului - Cioclovina Nature Park - site of the Sarmisegetuza - Dacian Civilization - archaeological site.

Piatra Craiului National Park – spectacular rocky steep walls, virgin forests,
and one of the world's deepest underground abysses (Coltii Grindului shaft, - 1,800 feet)


Transylvania offers excellent conditions for outdoor activities: Biking, Camping, Caving, Rock-Climbing, Fishing, Hiking, Nature walks, Rafting, Wildlife and Bird Watching

Food & Wines of Transylvania

Traditional food

Transylvania's cuisine displays a variety of flavors with dishes flavored with thyme, red pepper or tarragon. 
Meats, such as pork, mutton, veal, are among the most popular ingredient in Transylvania's cuisine.
The soups, to which sour cream and egg yolk are ofted added, also include homemade pasta (tăieței ) or dumplings.

Romania is one the world's leading producers of cabbage (varza).  Make sure you don't leave the region without trying the delicious "Varza a la Cluj" – the Romanian version of lasagna - prepared from several layers of finely shredded cabbage (fresh or sour) and minced pork or veal, rice and bacon and baked in the oven.

Transylvania Wines

"Transylvanians" are not only artisans in producing fragrant, pleasant and light wines, but also sophisticated double-distilled liquors: palinca, horinca and rachie (varieties of brandy). These are made of fruit, particularly plums, apples, and pears, and aged in mulberry tree or oak barrels.

The vineyards in Tarnave area: Blaj, Jidvei, Medias, Tarnaveni, Zagar and Valea Nirajului are known for their excellent white wines. With its cool climate and sloped terrain that stretch from the Tarnava Mare to the Tarnava Mica rivers, Tarnave is ideal for fruity white grapes with mild acidity. The area has a long tradition of producing excellent dry, and medium-dry flavored wines such as Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Traminer.

Even if traditional tools have been replaced by modern wine-presses and state of the art technology, grape picking, the control of fermentation, clarity, stability, the storage and maturation of wine are all carried out according to a rules handed down from generation to generation. Many small farms are still producing their own wines.

Winetasting / Wineries in Transylvania

Domeniile Boieru
AddressCiumbrud - Aiud (Alba county)
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0258 866.216
WinesDry Muscat, Pinot Gris, Traminer, Sauvignon
LabelsDomeniile Boieru, Cardinal, Episcopal.
Crama Jidvei
AddressJidvei (Alba county), Str. Garii 32
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu, Sighisoara
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0258 881.881
WinesFeteasca Regala, Feteasca Alba, Gewurtztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Aligote, Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Italian Riesling, Pinot Noir.
LabelsCastel, Tezaur, Grigorescu, Classic.
Crama Papp Peter
AddressAiud (Alba county), Str. Avram Iancu 56
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0751 088.643
Pivnita Sallai
AddressAiud (Alba county), Str. Progresului 19
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0258 866.039
Pivnita Savu
AddressCiumbrud (Alba county), Str. Garofitei 20
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0723 184.137
LabelsPivnita Savu
Pivnitele Logos
AddressAiud (Alba county), Str. Bethlen Gabor 1
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0258 863.668,
WinesSauvignon Blanc, Traminer, Pinot Gris, Muscat Ottonel, Plebanos
Crama Takacs
AddressAiud (Alba county), Str. Protopop Iosif Pop 2
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0762 207.490
WinesTraminer Roz, Gewurtztraminer, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay.
LabelsCrama Takacs
Crama Telna
AddressTelna - Ighiu (Alba county), Str. Principala 225
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0258 843.686
WinesFeteasca Regala, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc.
LabelsSimfonia Vinului.
Crama Liliac
AddressBatos (Mures county), Str. Principala 41
Nearest CityTargu Mures, Sighisoara, Bistrita, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0732 733.062
WinesPinot Gris, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Feteasca Alba, Rose Pinot Noir, Merlot.
Crama Villa Vinea
AddressMica (Mures county), Str. Principala 243
Nearest CitySighisoara, Medias, Targu Mures
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0365 505 107
WinesSauvignon Blanc, Feteasca Regala, Rhine Riesling, Kerner, Gewurtztraminer, Zweigelt, Rose Zweigelt, Feteasca Neagra, Merlot, Pinot Noir
LabelsVilla Vinea
Crama La Salina
AddressTurda (Cluj county), Str. Dealu Viilor 10
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
Telephone0742 908.311
WinesChardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir.


Transportation to Transylvania

By air

Major airports in Transylvania:
Cluj (CLJ)
Sibiu (SBZ)
Targu Mures (TGM)

Airlines with service to the region include: Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Tarom,WizAir

Travel to Transylvania by train or bus

There is frequent train and bus service from/to Bucharest - and other major cities in Romania - to Transylvania region. 

To check train and bus schedules, for domestic routes, please visit our: Domestic transportation section

Information on international train service to/from Transylvania are available at our International transportation section

Transylvania Tourist Information

Alba Iulia Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Alba Iulia)

Address: Aleea Sfântul Capistrano 28,, Alba Carolina Citadel
Telephone: (+4) 0371 337 148
Opening Hours:
May -- October:
Mon. –- Fri. 9 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Sat. and Sun.: 9 a.m. -- 5 p.m.
November -- April:
Daily: 9 a.m -- 5 p.m.

Brasov Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Brasov)
Address: Piața Sfatului 30
(inside Brasov History Museum)
Telephone: (+4) 0268 419.078
Opening Hours: Mon. – Sun. 9 a.m. – 7 p.m.

Cluj Napoca Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Cluj)

Address: Bulevardul Eroilor 6, Old Town Cluj
Telephone: (+4) 0264 452 244
Opening Hours:
Mon. – Fri.: 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Sat. and Sun.: 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Sibiu Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Sibiu)

Address: Str. Samuel Brukenthal 2, Great Square
Telephone: (+4) 0269 208.913
Opening Hours:
Mon. – Fri.: 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Sat. 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Miercurea Ciuc Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Miercurea Ciuc)
Address: Piața Libertății 5
Telephone: (+4) 0266 317 007
Opening Hours: Mon. – Fri. 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Targu Mures Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Targu Mures)
Address: Strada George Enescu 2
Telephone: (+4) 0365 404 934
Opening Hours: Mon. – Fri.: 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.


Map of Romania's Historical Regions
Romania Tourist Attractions Map