Rent a Car - Expedicar
Sighisoara - Transylvania, Romania

Facts about Transylvania

Transylvania or Transilvania (from Latin – "the land beyond the forest") is a region in central Romania,
'bordered' to south and east by the arc of the Carpathian mountains.
Location: Central Romania
Area: 34,177 sq miles
Population: Approximately 5.1 million
Main cities and towns: Alba Iulia, Bistrita, Brasov, Cluj Napoca, Medias, Deva , Miercurea Ciuc,
Sfântu Gheorghe, Sebes, Sibiu, Sighisoara, Targu Mures

Transylvania Highlights

Transylvania is home to some of Europe's best-preserved medieval towns, most notably Brasov, featuring Old Saxon architecture, Sibiu, with its cobblestone streets and pastel-colored houses, and Sighisoara, adorned with a hilltop citadel, secret passageways and a 14th century clock tower.
Tiny shops offer antiques and fine handicrafts made by local artisans.

Visitors to Transylvania will also encounter stunning castles such Bran, near Brasov, a Gothic fairy-tale structure, often associated with 15th century Walachian Prince Vlad Tepes, the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula.
While the connection with Vlad is tenuous, the deep bond of local villagers with the legend is not.

In close proximity to Brasov are the Saxon fortified churches Harman, with its massive, still strong, 13th defending towers, and Prejmer, the largest fortified church in Southeastern Europe. The 15th-century Corvin Castle, the most beautiful in Transylvania, located in Hunedoara, near town of Deva, has a sumptuous Knights Hall – that can be used for functions or parties, as well as towers and buttresses reminiscent of the medieval times.

Transylvania is the birthplace of the Unitarian Church that merged with the Universalist Church in America,
in 1961, to form the present Unitarian Universalist Association.

Transylvania's multi-ethnic heritage, including Romanian, German, Hungarian and Szekely, is delightfully apparent in the folk costumes, architecture, cuisine, music and traditions.

Colorful centuries-old traditions are alive and well in the small villages of Transylvania.
People in rural areas still make a living at such time-honored occupations as shepherds, weavers, blacksmiths and carpenters.

The Apuseni Mountains range, in the western Carpathians, are home to landscapes of exquisite beauty and rare species of wildlife. More than 4,000 caves and the second largest underground glacier in Europe: Scarisoara Glacier await to be explored.

20 Places to explore in Transylvania

Transylvania is Romania's best-known region and home to numerous historic sites and natural areas that delight visitors from all over the world. Here are just a few of them:

1. Century-old towns and villages, medieval citadels, fortresses and castles.

2. Old Town Brașov one of the most beautiful medieval quarters in Romania.

3. Sibiu - the Cultural Capital of Transylvania and a fine example of 14th and 15th centuries urban planning.

4. Sighișoara citadel, arguably the most authentic and best preserved medieval town in Europe.

5. Bran Castle (also known as Dracula's Castle), built in 1377

6. Râsnov Fortress – built in the 1300s by the Teutonic Knights to protect Transylvania against the Tartars and the Turks

7. Saxon fortified churches in Biertan, Câlnic, Hărman, Dârju, Prejmer, Saschiz Valea Viilor and Viscri
all designated by UNESCO as World Heritage sites

8. Bruckenthal Palace - Sibiu, Transylvania's finest art museum.

9. Mărginimea Sibiului - 18 traditional villages just northwest of Sibiu.

10. Sibiel Museum of Icons Painted on Glass, the largest in Europe.

11. The 14th-century Corvin Castle - one of Transylvania's most spectacular Gothic structures
with impenetrable walls, a drawbridge and a massive dungeon.

12. Sarmisegetuza Regia, remnants of the capital of kingdom of Dacia (modern day Romania).
The Roman Empire conquered Dacia in 106 AD and built a new capital at Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa.

13. Țara Moţilor (the Land of the Moţi). The Moţi (name given to the inhabitants of the region) live in scattered villages located at altitudes of over 5,000 feet, in the Apuseni Mts., and have preserved their century-old traditions and lifestyle.

14. Apuseni Mountains Park abundand wild life, unspoiled landscapes and over 400 caves and underground glaciers.

15. Village Rimetea home 138 wonderfully preserved traditional houses illustrate the local achitectural style of the 1800s.

16. Alba Iulia Vauban Fortifications (18th century), the largest of its kind in south-east Europe.

17. Ancient Turda Salt Mine, now a museum and amusement park 400 feet below earth's surface.

18. City of Cluj-Napoca, the largest urban and university centre in Transylvania. Every year Cluj hosts numerous sports and cultural events including Transylvania International Film Festival and Untold dance music Festival.

19. Lacul Sfânta Ana (Lake Saint Anne), volcanic crater lake known for the purity of its water and the wealth of adventure opportunities available in the area.

20. Sovata - spa town home to Europe's only helio-thermal, salty, lake: the Bear Lake (Lacul Ursu). Severe rheumatic pains, peripheral nervous system diseases and chronic gynecological symptoms are treated in Sovata's medical spas.

Main Museums in Transylvania

Alba Iulia
Unification Museum

Brasov
Ethography Museum
Brasov Art Museum
Brasov History Museum
Weavers' Bastion

Cluj Napoca
Ethnography Museum of Transylvania
Cluj Napoca Art Museum
Transylvania History Museum

Miercurea Ciuc
Csíki Székely Museum

Sibiu
"ASTRA" Museum of Ethnography and Rural Civilization
Bruckenthal - Transylvania's finest art museum

Sighisoara
History Museum and the Clock Tower

Transylvania Performing Arts Institutions

Brasov:
Gheorghe Dima Brasov State Philharmonic,
National Opera
Puppet Theater "Arlechino",
Sica Alexandrescu Drama Theater

Cluj:
Cluj Opera,
National Theater,
Hungarian Language Theater - Cluj Napoca,

Sibiu:
Radu Stanca National Theate,
State Philharmonic Sibiu

Targu Mures:
Philharmonic Orchestra at the Hall of Mirrors

Transylvania Outdoor Adventures & Nature Parks

Apuseni Nature Park – a wildlife and caver's paradise

Gradistea Muncelului - Cioclovina Nature Park - site of the Sarmisegetuza - Dacian Civilization - archaeological site.

Piatra Craiului National Park – spectacular rocky steep walls, virgin forests,
and one of the world's deepest underground abysses (Coltii Grindului shaft, - 1,800 feet)

Activities

Transylvania offers excellent conditions for outdoor activities: Biking, Camping, Caving, Rock-Climbing, Fishing, Hiking, Nature walks, Rafting, Wildlife and Bird Watching

Food & Wines of Transylvania

Traditional food

Transylvania's cuisine displays a variety of flavors with dishes flavored with thyme, red pepper or tarragon. 
Meats, such as pork, mutton, veal, are among the most popular ingredient in Transylvania's cuisine.
The soups, to which sour cream and egg yolk are ofted added, also include homemade pasta (tăieței ) or dumplings.

Romania is one the world's leading producers of cabbage (varza).  Make sure you don't leave the region without trying the delicious "Varza a la Cluj" – the Romanian version of lasagna - prepared from several layers of finely shredded cabbage (fresh or sour) and minced pork or veal, rice and bacon and baked in the oven.

Transylvania Wines

"Transylvanians" are not only artisans in producing fragrant, pleasant and light wines, but also sophisticated double-distilled liquors: palinca, horinca and rachie (varieties of brandy). These are made of fruit, particularly plums, apples, and pears, and aged in mulberry tree or oak barrels.

Native and international grape varieties are produced in Transylvania, a region known for its excellent white wines. Areas known for their ample vineyards include: Blaj, Jidvei, Medias, Tarnaveni, Zagar and Valea Nirajului (Tarnave area).
With its cool climate and sloped terrain that stretch from the Tarnava Mare to the Tarnava Mica rivers, Tarnave is ideal for fruity white grapes with mild acidity. The area has a long tradition of producing excellent dry, and medium-dry flavored wines such as Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris and Traminer.

Even if traditional tools have been replaced by modern wine-presses and state of the art technology, grape picking, the control of fermentation, clarity, stability, the storage and maturation of wine are all carried out according to a rules handed down from generation to generation. Many small farms are still producing their own wines.

TRANSYLVANIA ESSENTIALS

Transportation to Transylvania

By air

Major airports in Transylvania:
Cluj (CLJ)
Sibiu (SBZ)
Targu Mures (TGM)

Airlines with service to the region include: Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Tarom, WizAir

Travel to Transylvania by train or bus

There is frequent train and bus service from/to Bucharest - and other major cities in Romania - to Transylvania region. 

To check train and bus schedules, for domestic routes, please visit
RomaniaTourism Domestic Transportation section.

Information on international train service to/from Transylvania are available at
RomaniaTourism International Transportation section.

Transylvania Tourist Information

Alba Iulia Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Alba Iulia)

Address: Aleea Sfântul Capistrano 28,, Alba Carolina Citadel
Telephone: (+4) 0371 337 148
E-mail
Website
Opening Hours:
May -- October:
Mon. –- Fri. 9 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Sat. and Sun.: 9 a.m. -- 5 p.m.
November -- April:
Daily: 9 a.m -- 5 p.m.

Brasov Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Brasov)
Address: Piața Sfatului 30
(inside Brasov History Museum)
Telephone: (+4) 0268 419.078
E-mail
Website
Opening Hours: Mon. – Sun. 9 a.m. – 7 p.m.

Cluj Napoca Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Cluj)

Address: Bulevardul Eroilor 6, Old Town Cluj
Telephone: (+4) 0264 452 244
E-mail
Website
Opening Hours:
Mon. – Fri.: 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Sat. and Sun.: 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Sibiu Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Sibiu)

Address: Str. Samuel Brukenthal 2, Great Square
Telephone: (+4) 0269 208.913
E-mail
Website
Opening Hours:
Mon. – Fri.: 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Sat. 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Miercurea Ciuc Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Miercurea Ciuc)
Address: Piața Libertății 5
Telephone: (+4) 0266 317 007
E-mail
Website
Opening Hours: Mon. – Fri. 8 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Targu Mures Tourist Information Centre
(Centrul de Informare Turistica - Targu Mures)
Address: Strada George Enescu 2
Telephone: (+4) 0365 404 934
E-mail
Opening Hours: Mon. – Fri.: 9 a.m. – 4 p.m.

Winetasting / Wineries in Transylvania

Domeniile Boieru
AddressCiumbrud - Aiud (Alba county)
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailcontact@domeniileboieru.ro
Telephone(+4) 0258 866.216
Website VindeCiumbrud.ro
WinesDry Muscat, Pinot Gris, Traminer, Sauvignon
LabelsDomeniile Boieru, Cardinal, Episcopal.
Crama Jidvei
AddressJidvei (Alba county), Str. Garii 32
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu, Sighisoara
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailoffice.jidvei@jidvei.ro
Telephone(+4) 0258 881.881
WebsiteJidvei.ro
WinesFeteasca Regala, Feteasca Alba, Gewurtztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Aligote,
Muscat Ottonel, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Italian Riesling, Pinot Noir.
LabelsCastel, Tezaur, Grigorescu, Classic.
Crama Takacs
AddressAiud (Alba county), Str. Protopop Iosif Pop 2
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailoffice@takacspince.ro
Telephone (+4) 0762 207.490
WebsiteTakacsPince.ro
WinesTraminer Roz, Gewurtztraminer, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay.
LabelsCrama Takacs
Crama Telna
AddressTelna - Ighiu (Alba county), Str. Principala 225
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Sibiu
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailinfo@cramatelna.ro
Telephone (+4) 0258 843.686
WebsiteCramaTelna.ro
WinesFeteasca Regala, Muscat Ottonel, Sauvignon Blanc.
LabelsSimfonia Vinului.
Crama Liliac
AddressBatos (Mures county), Str. Principala 41
Nearest CityTargu Mures, Sighisoara, Bistrita, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailhello@liliac.com
Telephone (+4) 0732 733.062
WebsiteLiliac.com
WinesPinot Gris, Feteasca Regala, Sauvignon Blanc, Feteasca Alba, Rose Pinot Noir, Merlot.
LabelsLiliac.
Crama Villa Vinea
AddressMica (Mures county), Str. Principala 243
Nearest CitySighisoara, Medias, Targu Mures
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailwine@villavinea.ro
Telephone (+4) 0365 505 107
WebsiteVillaVinea.com
WinesSauvignon Blanc, Feteasca Regala, Rhine Riesling, Kerner, Gewurtztraminer,
Zweigelt, Rose Zweigelt, Feteasca Neagra, Merlot, Pinot Noir
LabelsVilla Vinea
Crama La Salina
AddressTurda (Cluj county), Str. Dealu Viilor 10
Nearest CityAlba Iulia, Cluj Napoca
Open to PublicYes, Reservation Required
E-mailcontact@cramalasalina.ro
Telephone (+4) 0742 908.311
WebsiteCramalaSalina.ro
WinesChardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir.
LabelsIssa

Maps

Map of Romania's Historical Regions
Romania Tourist Attractions Map