Location: Southern Romania
Size: 31.4 sq. miles (81.4 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 288 ft. (90 meters)
First documented: 225 A.D.
Craiova - the largest city in southwestern Romania - was founded on the site of the Dacian stronghold Pelendava (which was renamed Castra Nova after the Roman invasion of Dacia).
A strong economy, long academic tradition and wealth of important historical personalities including:
~ Prince Mihai Viteazu (Michael the Brave) - the ban (military governor) of Craiova who, in 1600, achieved the unification of Romanian principalities Walachia, Transylvania and Moldova,
~ world-famous sculptor Constantin Brancusi - who studied at Craiova Art School (Școla de Arte și Meserii),
~ Petrache Poenaru (1799 - 1875) - inventor of fountain pen
are associated with Craiova.
The city hosts a great number of religious buildings, many of them dating back to medieval times.
The Church of Cosuna Monastery (15th century), is the oldest building preserved in Craiova. Another religious site, Madona Dudu Church, is renowned for its mural paintings, completed by painter Gheorghe Tattarescu (1818 – 1894).
A wealth of information and exhibits concerning Craiova history and traditions are available at the Museum of the Region of Oltenia (Muzeul Olteniei, housed in Casa Baniei (built in 1699) - the oldest non-religious building in Craiova.
Art lovers should definitely not miss Craiova Art Museum, hosted in Dinu Mihail Palace, designed in 1898 by French architect Paul Gottereau (neo-classic and late-Baroque style) .
Carrara marble, Murano crystal, Lyon silks and fine antique furniture have been used to construct and decorate the palace.
One of Craiova's Art Museum main attractions is the room dedicated to sculptor Constantin Brâncuși.
At the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, Craiova's architecture underwent a transformation with the creation of the Brâncovenesc style, a combination of Romanian traditional art, Byzantine and Venetian elements. Structures displaying elements of the Brâncovenesc style include: Saint Ilie Church (Biserica Sfantu Ilie), built in 1720, the All Saints Church (Biserica Tuturor Sfintilor) built in 1700, the Old Saint Gheorghe Church / (Biserica Sfantu Gheorghe Vechi) built in 1730, Obedeanu Monastery (Manastirea Obedeanu) built in 1747, the Mântuleasa Church (Biserica Mântuleasa) (1786), Saint Nicolas Church (Biserica Sfântul Nicolae) built in 1794.
Jitianu Monastery (located 5 miles south of the city centre), is home to a rich collection of medieval art objects.
Must-sees for nature lovers are Nicolae Romanescu Park (250 acres - the second-largest in Romania) and Craiova Botanical Garden. Completed in 1903, Nicolae Romanescu park is a fine example of landscape architecture.
The plans of the park, designed by French architect Emile Rendont, were awarded the gold medal at the 1900 World Fair.
Address: Str. Calea Unirii 15
(located in the Dinu Mihail Palace)
Telephone: (+4) 0251 412.342
The sumptuous, 36-rooms, late-Baroque palace that houses Craiova's largest art museum was completed in 1903.
The main attraction of the museum is the gallery dedicated to sculptor Constantin Brâncusi.
Six of his early works are on exhibit: Vitellius (1898), Miss Pogany (1902), the Vainglory (1905), Sleeping Boy (1906), the Kiss (1907), Woman Torso (1909).
The Museum also exhibits masterpieces created by famous Flemish, French, Italian and Romanian painters, including Craiova-born Theodor Aman and Nicolae Grigorescu.
The History and Archeology Section
Address: Str. Madona Dudu 14
Tel: (+4) 0251 417.756
Craiova History and Archeology Museum is housed in Bania House (Casa Baniei) - a major architectural and historical monument of Craiova. Numerous items and documents attest the history of Oltenia region, starting with the prehistoric times. Great care has been taken in presenting the traditional trades and occupations of peasants in Oltenia: hunting, fishing, raising cattle, working the fields, harvesting the crops. The museum exhibits wooden carvings and ceramics, a large collection of pottery, carpets as well as fascinating local folk costumes.
The Etnography Section
Address: Str. Matei Basarab 16
Tel: (+4) 0351 444.030
Items on exhibit include over 250 rugs and kilims, some older than 200 years, featuring original paterns and vivid colors.
The Natural Science Section
Address: Str. Popa Şapcă 8
Tel: (+4) 0251 411.906
Where: 70 miles north of Craiova
Access: car, bus, train
Târgu Jiu info
A must for all art lovers is a visit to Targu Jiu, a small town located on the banks of the River Jiu.
This former market town is closely associated with Constantin Brancusi, considered by many to be the father of modern sculpture.
While most of his works are on display in prestigious museums throughout the world, his trilogy of public sculptures, The Table of Silence (Masa Tacerii), The Gate of the Kiss (Poarta Sarutului) and The Endless Column (Coloana Infinitului) can be admired at the Constantin Brancusi sculptural complex, in downtown Târgu Jiu.
Where: 96 miles north of Craiova
Address: Str. Mănăstirii, Romanii de Jos
Access: car, bus
Hurezi Monastery, the largest monastic settlement in Walachia (southern Romania), was founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brancoveanu. A masterpiece of the "Brancovenesc" architectural style - and a UNESCO World Heritage site - Hurezi is renowned for the richness of its sculptural detail and its frescoes and decorative works. The monastery houses precious icons dating from 17th and 18th centuries. The nearby village of Horezu is home to one of the biggest pottery centres in Romania. Nearly two centuries ago, local nuns taught the villagers how to make and paint pottery, and ever since, people have come from far and wide to admire and purchase Horezu pottery.
Hurezi Monasteri info
Where: 95 miles northeast of Craiova
Access: car, train (connecting in Pitesti)
Fifty miles east of Horezu lays another stunning architectural gem:
the 16th century Curtea de Arges Monastery (Manastirea Curtea de Arges),
a fine example of Byzantine architectural style, with Moorish arabesques.
Learn about the sad legend of Manole as you take in its beauty. Romania's kings and queens are buried here.
Address: Str. Calea Bucuresti 325
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.860
Nearest airports to Craiova:
Bucharest - Otopeni - Henri Coanda (OTP) - 145 miles East
Sibiu (SBZ) - 145 miles North
Timisoara (TMZ) - 211 miles North-West
Craiova - main train station
Address: Piața Constantin Brâncuși
The train station is located about half a mile northeast of the city centre.
Bus # 1 runs from the train station to downtown Craiova.
For a list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit our:
International Transportation Section.
There are daily trains with service from Craiova to:
Bucharest (3 hours)
Brasov (6 - 8 hours - via connecting service)
Cluj Napoca (8 - 10 hours - connecting service)
Sibiu (4 - 7 hours)
Sighisoara (8 - 11 hours - connecting service)
Timisoara ( 5 hours)
Targu Jiu (1 1/2 - 3 hours)
To check train and bus schedules for domestic routes please visit our
Domestic Transportation section
For departures from /to Bucharest, please select Bucuresti Nord.
For departures from/to Targu Jiu please enter Tirgu Jiu.
Craiova Train ticket office
(Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR Craiova)
Address: Calea Bucureşti 2, bl. M2, parter
Tel: (+4) 0725 504.165
Mon. – Fri.: 8 a.m. – 8 p.m.
Craiova SNCFR ticket office offers train schedules information and advance ticket sales.
Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the train station.
The fastest route from Bucharest to Craiova is via A1 / E81 – DN 65 / E574:
Bucharest – Pitesti – Slatina - Craiova
Craiova Bus Stations (Autogara)
Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Baile Herculane, Bucuresti,Brasov, Caransebes, Constanta, Drobeta Turnu Severin, Hunedoara, Medias, Sibiu, Timisoara
The public transportation system in Craiova consists of 20 routes served by trolley, bus and tram.
It is operated by Craiova Transport Authority (Regia Autonoma de Transport Craiova - RAT Craiova).
A one-way ticket costs the equivalent of $0.65.
Taxi Contact – 0251 425.005
Taxi Romnicon – 0251 421.919
Taxi PML – 0251 542.727
Taxi PMI – 0251 590.002
Taxi Favorit - 0251 411.500
Taxi D&D – 0251 406.240
Taxi STG – 0251 430.077
Taxi Continental – 0251 466.633
Taxi Vulturul – 0251 414.155
For a list of available accommodations in Craiova please click here
Craiova / Dolj County Archives
(Directia Judeteana Dolj a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address: Str. Libertatii 34
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.661
Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.
Main Post Office
Address: Str. Unirii 54
Telephone: 0251 523.520
Mon. - Fri.: 8 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Sat.: 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.
Telephoning Craiova from Abroad
International Access Code + 4 (country code) +
+ 0251 or 0351 (area code) + six-digit telephone number
Craiova City Hall
(Primăria Municipiului Craiova)
Address: Str. A. I. Cuza 7
Telephone: 0251 984
Craiova Consumer Protection Agency
(Oficiul pentru Protectia Consumatorilor – Craiova)
Address: Str. Gh. Chiţu 58
Telephone: (+4) 0251 510.400
- Craiova - City Map (harta Orasului Craiova)
- Romania Physical Map (Romania - Harta Fizica)
- Romania Detailed Road Map (Romania - Harta Detaliata)
- Romania Road Map (Romania - Harta Drumurilor, Sosele)
- Romania Rail Map (Romania - Harta Cailor Ferate)