Craiova Romania

Craiova General Information

Fast Facts

Location: Southern Romania
County: Dolj
Size: 31.4 sq. miles (81.4 sq. kilometers)
Elevation: 288 ft. (90 meters)
Population: 298,000
First documented: 225 A.D.

City Highlights

Craiova - the largest city in southwestern Romania - was founded on the site of the Dacian stronghold Pelendava (renamed Castra Nova after the Roman invasion of Dacia).
A strong economy, long academic tradition and wealth of important historical personalities including:
~ Prince Mihai Viteazu (Michael the Brave) - the ban (military governor) of Craiova who,
in 1600, achieved the unification of Romanian principalities Walachia, Transylvania and Moldova,
~ world-famous sculptor Constantin Brancusi - who studied at Craiova Art School (Școla de Arte și Meserii),
~ Petrache Poenaru (1799 - 1875) - inventor of fountain pen
are associated with Craiova.

The vast majority of train locomotives currently in use in Romania have been manufactured
at the "Electroputere" railway locomotives factory in Craiova.

Landmarks

At the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, Craiova's architecture underwent a transformation
with the creation of the Brâncovenesc style, a combination of Romanian traditional art, Byzantine and Venetian elements.
Structures displaying elements of the Brâncovenesc style include: Saint Ilie Church (Biserica Sfantu Ilie - 1720),
the All Saints Church (Biserica Tuturor Sfintilor - 1700), the Old Saint Gheorghe Church / (Biserica Sfantu Gheorghe Vechi - 1730),
Obedeanu Monastery (Manastirea Obedeanu - 1747), Mântuleasa Church (Biserica Mântuleasa - 1786),
Saint Nicolas Church (Biserica Sfântul Nicolae - 1794).
The Church of Cosuna Monastery (15th century), is the oldest structure in Craiova.
Madona Dudu Church, is renowned for its mural paintings, completed by painter Gheorghe Tattarescu (1818 – 1894)
while Jitianu Monastery is home to a rich collection of medieval art objects.

A wealth of information and exhibits concerning Craiova history and traditions are available at the Museum of the Region of Oltenia  (Muzeul Olteniei),   housed in Casa Baniei (built in 1699) - the oldest non-religious building in Craiova.

Art lovers might not want to miss Craiova Art Museum, hosted in Dinu Mihail Palace, a spectacular mansion designed,
in 1898, by French architect Paul Gottereau (neo-classic and late-Baroque style).
Carrara marble, Murano crystal, Lyon silks and fine antique furniture have been used to construct and decorate the palace.
One of Craiova's Art Museum main attractions is the room dedicated to sculptor Constantin Brâncuși.

A must-see for nature lovers is Nicolae Romanescu Park (250 acres / 22 miles of aleys and walk paths), the second-largest in Romania and third largest in Europe.
Romanescu Park (Parcul Romanescu) is home to Craiova Botanical Garden, a zoo and the largest racetrack in Romania.
Designed by French architect Emile Rendont, Romanescu Park is a fine example of landscape architecture.
At the 1900 World Fair, plans of Romanescu Park were awarded the gold medal

Craiova Christmas Market (2021) was selected by European Best Destinations
among the 20 Best Christmas Markets in Europe.

Museums

Craiova Art Museum

Muzeul de Arta Craiova
Str. Calea Unirii 15
Telephone: (+4) 0251 412.342
Website
Located in the sumptuous Dinu Mihail Palace, a spectacular 36-rooms Neo-Baroque structure,
Craiova's largest art museum displays a rich collection of paintings by Flemish, Italian, French and Romanian artists.
However, the main attraction of the museum is the gallery dedicated to sculptor Constantin Brâncusi.
Six of his early works are on exhibit:
Vitellius (1898), Miss Pogany (1902), the Vainglory (1905), Sleeping Boy (1906), the Kiss (1907), Woman Torso (1909).
Romanian painters whose works can be seen at Craiova Art Museum include:   Craiova-born Theodor Aman,
Constantin Lecca, Ștefan Luchian, Nicolae Tonitza, Ion Țuculescu, Eustațiu Stoenescu and Nicolae Grigorescu.

Oltenia Region Museum

Muzeul Olteniei
History and Archeology Section
Housed in Bania House (Casa Baniei) - a major architectural and historical monument of Craiova the museum displays numerous items and documents attest the history of Oltenia region, starting with the prehistoric times.
Great care has been taken in presenting the traditional trades and occupations of peasants in Oltenia:
hunting, fishing, raising cattle, working the fields, harvesting the crops.
The museum exhibits wooden carvings and ceramics, a large collection of pottery, carpets as well as fascinating local folk costumes.
Address: Str. Madona Dudu 14
Tel: (+4) 0251 417.756

Muzeul Olteniei
Etnography Section
Items on exhibit include over 250 rugs and kilims, some older than 200 years, featuring original paterns and vivid colors.
Address: Str. Matei Basarab 16
Tel: (+4) 0351 444.030

Muzeul Olteniei
The Natural Science Section
Address: Str. Popa Şapcă 8
Tel: (+4) 0251 411.906

Website
E-mail

Day Trips

Targu Jiu

Where: 70 miles north of Craiova
Access: car, bus, train
Târgu Jiu info

A must for all lovers of modern sculpture is a visit to Targu Jiu, a small town located on the banks of the River Jiu.
This former market town is closely associated with Constantin Brancusi, considered by many to be the father of modern sculpture.
While most of his works are on display in prestigious museums throughout the world, his trilogy of public sculptures, The Table of Silence (Masa Tacerii), The Gate of the Kiss (Poarta Sarutului) and The Endless Column (Coloana Infinitului) can be admired at the Constantin Brancusi sculptural complex, in downtown Târgu Jiu.

Hurezi Monastery & Horezu Pottery Centre

Where: 96 miles north of Craiova
Address: Str. Mănăstirii, Romanii de Jos
Access: car, bus

Hurezi Monastery, the largest monastic settlement in Walachia (southern Romania), was founded in 1690 by Prince Constantin Brancoveanu. A masterpiece of the "Brancovenesc" architectural style - and a UNESCO World Heritage site - Hurezi is renowned for the richness of its sculptural detail and its frescoes and decorative works.
Hurezi monastery houses precious icons dating from 17th and 18th centuries. The nearby village of Horezu is home to one of the biggest pottery centres in Romania. Nearly two centuries ago, local nuns taught the villagers how to make and paint pottery, and ever since, people have come from far and wide to admire and purchase Horezu pottery.
Hurezi Monasteri info

Curtea de Arges

Where: 95 miles northeast of Craiova
Access: car, train (connecting in Pitesti)

Fifty miles east of Horezu lays another stunning architectural gem:
the 16th century Curtea de Arges Monastery
(Manastirea Curtea de Argeș),
a fine example of Byzantine architectural style, with Moorish arabesques.
Learn about the sad legend of master-builder Manole as you take in its beauty.
Monastery Curtea de Arges is the resting place of all Romania's kings and queens.

"Domeniul Coroanei" Winery

Domeniul Coroanei - Segarcea
Location: town of Segarcea, 21 miles south of Craiova
Access: car, train, bus
Address: Str. Unirii 4, Segarcea
Website

"Domeniul Coroanei", a 561-acres estate and wine domain cultivated with native grape varieties
(Tămâioasă Roză, Fetească albă, Tămâioasă Românească, Fetească Neagră)
as well as international varieties
(Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio, Viognier)
lays a short drive from Craiova.

The winery, completed in 1908 after plans by the Austrian architect Iosif Exner, combines neo-Romanian and art deco architecture. The wine cellar, located 30 ft. meters below-ground, provides constant temperature throughout the year (54 F -- 56 F), perfect for the ageing of quality wines. Natural insulation of the cellar is a result of double walls (each 32 inches thick) separated by an air “jacket” of 16 inches.

Segarcea is a gravity-fed winery; the grapes reach the highest point of the winery from the vineyard, fall into the stem remover/press, then the stum flows to the fermentation vessels from where it continues to flow to the oak barrels where the maturation process is completed.

Danube River - Iron Gates Nature Park

Parcul Natural Porţile de Fier
Location: 95 miles west of Craiova
286,000 acres of land home to 18 protected areas rich in avifauna, botanical, forest and fresh water ecosystems and rare wildlife.
Website

Town of Pleven - Bulgaria

Pleven, one of the largest towns in northern Bulgaria,
is located 35 miles south of Danube River and 120 miles south of Craiova.
Main attractions in Pleven include:
~ Ethnography Museum, the History Museum (on display is a petrified thigh bone of Archidiscodon – a prehistoric animal from the group of elephant-like animals, which lived in the region 3.5 – 4 million years ago), The Panorama “Pleven Epopee 1877”, Pleven Wine Museum - housed in a cave in the Kaylaka Park, the Revival Complex (old buildings with unique architecture, the chapel-mausoleum “St. George the Victorious”, the museum house Tsar Osvoboditel, Kaylaka Park - a favorite place for relaxation (the remains of the Roman road station of Storgoziya are situated in Kaylaka Park).
Pleven - Bulgaria more info

City Essentials

Transportation

By air

Craiova Airport
Address: Str. Calea Bucuresti 325
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.860
Website

Other international airports not far from Craiova:
Bucharest - Otopeni - Henri Coanda (OTP) - 145 miles East
Sibiu (SBZ) - 145 miles North
Timisoara (TMZ) - 212 miles North-West

Train

Craiova - main train station
(Gara Craiova)
Address: Piața Constantin Brâncuși
The train station is located about half a mile northeast of the city centre.
Bus # 1 runs from the train station to downtown Craiova.

For a list of international trains with service to/from Romania please visit
RomaniaTourism International Transportation section.

There are daily trains with service from Craiova to:
Bucharest (3 hours)
Brasov (6 hours and 30 minutes - connecting service)
Cluj Napoca (9 hours - connecting service)
Sibiu (5 hours)
Sighisoara (8 hours - connecting service)
Timisoara ( 5 hours)
Targu Jiu (2 hours)

To check train and bus schedules for domestic routes please visit
RomaniaTourism Domestic Transportation section.

Notes:
For departures from /to Bucharest, please select Bucuresti Nord.
For departures from/to Targu Jiu please enter Tirgu Jiu.

Craiova Train ticket office
(Agentia de Voiaj SNCFR Craiova)
Address: Calea Bucureşti 2, bl. M2, parter
Telephone: (+4) 0725 504.165
Hours - Mon. – Fri.: 8 a.m. – 8 p.m.
Craiova SNCFR ticket office offers train schedules information and advance ticket sales.
Tickets for same-day travel can only be purchased at the train station.

By car

The fastest route from Bucharest to Craiova is via A1 / E81 – DN 65 / E574:
Bucharest – Pitesti – Slatina - Craiova

Travel distances from Craiova to:

Arad — 243 miles
Bucharest — 145 miles
Brasov — 148 miles
Cluj Napoca — 249 miles
Constanta — 281 miles
Iasi — 331 miles
Oradea — 261 miles
Satu Mare — 341 miles
Sibiu — 145 miles
Suceava — 345 miles
Timisoara — 211 miles

By bus

Craiova Bus Stations (Autogara)
Str. Decebal nr. 13
Tel: (+4) 0251 411.187

Daily domestic bus service from/to:
Baile Herculane, Bucuresti,Brasov, Caransebes, Constanta, Drobeta Turnu Severin, Hunedoara, Medias, Sibiu, Timisoara

Public Transportation

The public transportation system in Craiova consists of 20 routes served by trolley, bus and tram.
It is operated by Craiova Transport Authority
(Regia Autonoma de Transport Craiova - RAT Craiova).
A one-way ticket costs the equivalent of $0.65.

Taxi companies

Taxi Contact – 0251 425.005
Taxi Romnicon – 0251 421.919
Taxi PML – 0251 542.727
Taxi PMI – 0251 590.002
Taxi Favorit - 0251 411.500
Taxi D&D – 0251 406.240
Taxi STG – 0251 430.077
Taxi Continental – 0251 466.633
Taxi Vulturul – 0251 414.155

Car rental

Avis Car Rental Craiova Airport
Address: Calea Bucuresti 325
Tel: (+4) 0733 104.472
Website

Promotor Rent a Car
Address: Bd. Decebal 5
Tel: (+4) 0734 403.403
Website

Tourist Information

Genealogy searches

Craiova / Dolj County Archives
(Directia Judeteana Dolj a Arhivelor Nationale)

Address: Str. Libertatii 34
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.661
E-mail

Craiova Post Office

Post offices display a postal horn symbol and the word Posta.

Main Post Office
Address: Str. Unirii 54
Telephone: (+4) 0251 523.520
Hours:
Mon. - Fri.: 8 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Sat.: 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.

Telephoning Craiova from Abroad
International Access Code + 4 (country code) +
+ 0251 or 0351 (area code) + six-digit telephone number

Craiova City Hall
(Primăria Municipiului Craiova)
Address: Str. A. I. Cuza 7
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.235
www.PrimariaCraiova.ro

Dolj County Archives (Directia Judeteana Dolj a Arhivelor Nationale)
Address: Strada Târgului 26
Telephone: (+4) 0251 416.235
E-mail
Opening Hours

Craiova Consumer Protection Agency
(Oficiul pentru Protectia Consumatorilor – Craiova)
Address: Str. Gh. Chiţu 58
Telephone: (+4) 0251 510.400
E-mail

Maps

Craiova - City Map (harta Orasului Craiova)
Romania Physical Map (Romania - Harta Fizica)
Romania Detailed Road Map (Romania - Harta Detaliata)
Romania Road Map (Romania - Harta Drumurilor, Sosele)
Romania Rail Map (Romania - Harta Cailor Ferate)